The Formula Renault Formula is a brand founded in 1968. It is a composite of several individual national and international race series.
- 2.1 Vehicle 2.1.1 3.5-liter
- 2.1.2 2.0-liter
- 2.1.3 1.6-liter
In the 1960s, the French motor racing authority FFSA was looking for a cheap formula - level series. Major components, including engine and transmission had to come from then built Renault - road vehicles. In contrast, the chassis was arbitrary, as in the formula Ford 1968-1971 a championship ( Formule France ) was held exclusively in France. The 1.3 -liter engine and transmission come from the R8 Gordini. A vehicle must not cost more than 20,000 francs. Furthermore, steel wheels and Michelin XAS tires of size 6.5 x 13 inches were required. The dimensions of the car and the minimum weight of 420 kg were fixed.
The first race was held in Albi, France on 31 March 1968. The first chassis came from Martini, Grac, Elina, GERCA or GS. During the first season more vehicle manufacturers still were added: Vaillante, Jefa, Fournier, Marcadier, pygmée and Alpine. The most famous pilots of the time were Larrousse ( Alpine), Cadin, Dubos and Beltoise. In the 1968 season a total of 17 races were held. Hazards was partially repeatedly on the race tracks in Albi, Nogaro, Pau, Montlhery, Magny Cours, Dijon, La Chatre, Rouen and Reims. In 1969, the organizers too many answers, so that at the beginning of the year took place elimination race. From 100 entries, only 40 were able to attend the season.
1970 came new designers such as Tecno and AGS as well as pilots Serpaggi, Cudini and Leclère in the series.
French Championship and Eurocup
1971 from Formula France Formula Renault. The FFSA, which organized the championship in the last three years, finished the project Formula France. Renault set up a department that dealt exclusively with the series and was represented with a service vans at the races. There were eight qualifying races into two groups in order to minimize the number of participants for the actual series, was followed by 14 more races. Master after 22 race was Michel Leclère. The tires were as exempted in previous years. However, the entire field went Michelin. Dunlop tried in 1971 as a supplier to establish in the series and scored with Cudini (on a martini ) a victory that should remain to this day the only one with Dunlop tires. Dunlop withdrew after the first half of the season from the Formula Renault.
Final French Cup: 1 Michel Leclère 234, 2 Alain Serpaggi 204, 3rd Jannick Auxéméry 188, 4 Alain Cudini 171, Jacques Laffite 5 155P.
1972 next to the French Cup was also a Eurocup with four races at Jarama ( ESP), Jyllandsringen (DK), Hockenheim (GER ) and Paul Ricard ( FRA ) discharged. The R12 Gordini engine (1.6 liter displacement ) replaced the R8 Gordini engine (1.3 liter displacement ).
Final Eurocup: 1 Alain Cudini 48, 2 Jacques Laffite 39, 3 Jacques Coche 35
Final French Cup: 1 Jacques Laffite 294, 2 Alain Cudini 276, 3 Jacques Coche 177P
1973 and 1974 was only a Euro - Cup discharged (20/ 26 races ), which was run to 80 % in France. The young driver who caused a stir in motor sport for the first time, were called Patrick Tambay and René Arnoux in 1973. In 1974 it was Didier Pironi and Dany Snobeck. Along with Jacques Laffite and Serpaggi they should all again in F1 measure. Despite the oil crisis, there were 1974 127 enrollments were from those determined by elimination race 40 for the '74 series.
2012, shares the Formula Renault (FR) into three categories: FR 3.5, FR 2.0, FR 1.6 - the numbers indicate the engine capacity.
The 3.5-liter V8 engine used in the World Series by Renault from this year achieved 390 kW ( 530 hp) and 445 Nm at 9250/min 7250/min. The 2 -liter engine, which is used mainly in northern European Championship, delivers 155 kW ( 210 hp) and 220 Nm at 5500 rpm 7150/min. The 1.6 - liter engine achieves 103 kW ( 140 hp) and 157 Nm at 4500 rpm 6750/min.
In the 3.5 -liter category is since 2012 a new single-seater of the Italian company Dallara used, which is equipped with a Zytek engine.
For details, see World Series by Renault.
Most 2-liter series use since 2010 a car from the French manufacturer Barazi - Epsilon.
Before that was a 2000 to 2009, revised in 2004 and 2007 of the Italian single-seater chassis builder Tatuus standard.
In contrast, the Argentine Formula Renault 2.0 series uses cars of native constructors Tito with the identifiers 01 ( standard vehicle up to and including 2006) and 02
In the currently single 1.6 -liter championship, the France F4 is a chassis of the French manufacturer Signatech Automobiles called "Formula Academy" use.
It usually come Michelin tires.
Currently existing Championships
Formula Renault 3.5:
- World Series by Renault
Formula Renault 2.0:
- Formula Renault 2.0 Eurocup
- Formula Renault 2.0 UK
- Formula Renault BARC
- Formula Renault 2.0 Northern European Cup ( NEC)
- Formula Renault 2.0 ALPS
- Challenge Formula Renault 2.0 Italia
- Asian Formula Renault Series
- Campeonato Argentino de Formula Renault 2.0
Formula Renault 1.6:
- France F4
- Formula Renault 1.6 NEC Junior
In addition, there are several unofficial Formula Renault series, which include, inter alia, the Austria Cup Formula Renault and Formula Renault 2.0 CH in Switzerland.