Francesco De Martino

Francesco De Martino ( born May 31, 1907 in Naples, † November 18, 2002 ) was an Italian lawyer and politician. Between 1963 and 1976, he was three times ( 1963-1968, 1969-1970, 1972-1976 ) Chairman ( segretario ) of the Partito Socialista Italiano (PSI).


Francesco De Martino studied in the 1920s at the University of Naples Federico II and dealt with Roman law and economic history. Already at this time he developed socialist views and called for a clearer commitment of the left against the rise of the fascists. During the fascist regime, he remained in Naples.

1942 De Martino joined at the moderate- socialist Partito d' Azione, which rose after the end of World War II in the PSI. From 1943 to 1983, he was consistently socialist deputy in the Chamber of Deputies. He always remained convinced that a pooling of all left forces (including the Communists ) was needed for effective government.

In the governments of Mariano Rumor ( 1968-69, 1970) and Emilio Colombo ( 1970-1972 ) was De Martino Deputy Prime Minister ( Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri Vice ). In the 1970s, he ran twice for the office of president: In 1971, he received in the first ballot the most votes, but withdrew after 21 ballot; In 1978, he received only a few votes. ( He was again a candidate in 1992, again with only a few votes more than one ballot. ) He took his academic career at the University of Naples back to where he was professor of Roman law.

De Martino was appointed in 1991 by Francesco Cossiga a senator for life.


  • Storia economica di Roma antica German: Economic history of ancient Rome, translated by Brigitte Galsterer, Beck, Munich, 1991, ISBN 3-406-30619-5