Francesco Maria Piave

Francesco Maria Piave ( born May 18, 1810 in Murano ( Venice today ); † March 5, 1876 in Milan ) was an Italian librettist and director.


Piave was director from 1844 to 1860 (and thus also the librettist ) at the Teatro La Fenice in Venice and moved in 1861 on the recommendation of Giuseppe Verdi at the Teatro alla Scala in Milan. In 1867 he suffered a stroke and remained until his death paralyzed. In order to support him and his wife, planned Verdi in 1869 an album of six romances with Daniel François Esprit Auber compositions by Ambroise Thomas, Luigi Ricci, Saverio Mercadante and surrendered himself; this, it is probably not come.

Verdi estimated Piave, which provided him with no less than 9 ( with Aroldo 10) libretti, especially because he was a faithful servant of his Lord. What Verdi demanded of him, he immediately set to work, but did not have the intellectual independence and self-confidence to make truly innovative, literary and musical and dramatic conventions to be solved text templates. However, After all, he allowed Verdi witnessed the revolution of 1848 in Paris and whose ideals and objectives had made quite its own, the setting of socially critical substances such as Rigoletto and La Traviata ( not least because the censorship in Venice was comparatively liberal ). La Traviata is incidentally the only Verdi's opera ( and Piave? ), Who played in the then present, otherwise Piave attacked like that time gewesenen fashionable romantic fabrics of Lord Byron, Victor Hugo, Antonio García Gutiérrez on, etc., for the most part of their mutual friend Andrea Maffei were first translated into Italian.

Piave was always treated somewhat condescendingly by Verdi in the letters, often - almost ridiculed - because of his clumsiness and obesity.

Works (selection)

(referred to are world première and year)

  • Ernani by Giuseppe Verdi to Hernani by Victor Hugo (Venice 1844)
  • I due Foscari by Giuseppe Verdi to The Two Foscari by Lord Byron (Venice 1844)
  • Macbeth by Giuseppe Verdi to William Shakespeare ( Florence 1847), with the collaboration of Andrea Maffei Verdi revised ( Paris 1865)
  • Il corsaro for Giuseppe Verdi to Lord Byron ( Trieste, 1848)
  • Stiffelio Giuseppe Verdi ( Trieste 1850)
  • Crispino e la comare for Luigi Ricci and Federico Ricci ( the (only? ) Opera buffa, Venice 1850)
  • Rigoletto Giuseppe Verdi to Le roi s'amuse by Victor Hugo (Venice 1851)
  • La Traviata Giuseppe Verdi for by The Lady of the Camellias by Alexandre Dumas, fils (Venice 1853)
  • Simon Boccanegra by Giuseppe Verdi by Antonio García Gutiérrez (Venice 1857), revised by Arrigo Boito and Verdi ( Milan 1881)
  • Aroldo for Giuseppe Verdi ( revision of Stiffelio so, Rimini 1857)
  • La forza del destino by Giuseppe Verdi to Angel de Saavedra, and a scene from Friedrich Schiller's Wallenstein's Camp (St. Petersburg 1862), reworking of Antonio Ghislanzoni and Verdi ( Milan 1869)