Frank Robinson

Frank Robinson ( born August 31, 1935 in Beaumont, Texas ) is a former American professional baseball player and manager in Major League Baseball.


Frank Robinson began his baseball career as an outfielder with the Cincinnati Reds. His first game in the National League, he played on 17 April 1956. During his first season he scored 38 home runs, a record for rookies, he led the league with 122 runs scored and was nominated as an All Star for the National League. Also he won the MLB Rookie of the Year Award. In 1961 Robinson, the Reds to their first championship in the NL since 1940. He had a batting average of 32.3 %, scored 37 home runs, 124 RBI and 117 runs. Thanks to these achievements he was elected MVP of the National League. In the World Series, the Reds, however, the New York Yankees subject in five games.

1966 Robinson was transferred to the Baltimore Orioles and won with this in his first season, the World Series against the Los Angeles Dodgers. Robinson became the first player since Mickey Mantle 1956 Triple Crown and led the American League in home runs, RBI and batting average. With his election to the MVP he was the first player to win this award in both the National League and the American League. For his achievements Robinson was honored with the 1966 Sportsman of the Year Award from the Associated Press.

In 1967 he appeared in the success of the Triple Crown to repeat, but an injury stopped him and Carl Yastrzemski of the Boston Red Sox ended up in all categories in front of him. In 1970 he won his second World Series with the Orioles against his old team from Cincinnati. In 1972 he moved to the Los Angeles Dodgers, with other stations followed with the California Angels and the Cleveland Indians.

In 1975 he took over the Indians and the post of manager. He was the first African-American manager in the history of Major League. On September 18, 1976 he had his last appearance as a player. In 1977, he was released after a weak start to the season. In the following years he worked as a coach at various clubs. From 1981 to 1984 he worked as a manager at the San Francisco Giants. In 1986, he returned as coach of the Orioles and took over after the dismissal of Cal Ripken Sr. in 1988 the post of manager. In the Orioles game against the Toronto Blue Jays manager Cito Gaston with it came on 27 June 1989 for the first meeting of two African-American manager in Major League Baseball. 1991 Robinson was released by the Orioles. Since 2002 he has worked for the Montreal Expos and after the move of the team at the Washington Nationals.

1982 Robinson was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame. His jersey number 20 is also no longer awarded both by the Baltimore Orioles as the Cincinnati Reds. From the magazine The Sporting News in 1999 he was placed out of the 100 best baseball players on rank 22.

Stations as a player

Stations as a manager


  • 2005 U.S. President George W. Bush presented the Medal of Freedom Robinson ("The Presidential Medal of Freedom" ), the highest civilian award in the United States.