Fred Fisher (real name: Alfred Breitenbach, born September 30, 1875 in Cologne, † January 14, 1942 in New York City ) was a prolific composer, American popular music in the genre of Tin Pan Alley in the early 20th century.
Born in Cologne Alfred Breitenbach where he grew up in rather poor circumstances. His father was Max Breitenbach, a travel agent for " eagle gloves ," his mother was Theodora Nassauer -Breitenbach, a journalist from the Cologne Gazette and co-founder of the Baron de Hirsch Institute. In 1898, he tore out of home and hired first in the under William II rebuilt the Imperial Navy; then he went to the French Foreign Legion. In 1900 he emigrated to the USA and came to Chicago, where he learned to play in a South Street Saloon piano. He eventually moved to New York, where he first worked for the publishers Harms & Co. and then Leo Feist & Co.. He discovered his talent as a composer of popular music, and his first composition was Every Little Bit Helps (Text: George Whiting, 1904) for Ada Jones & Len Spencer, taken on June 27, 1905 The following year appeared Let Me See You. Smile and I've Said My Last Farewell for Billy Murray. Mostly, he composed the music, the lyrics are often written by Alfred Bryan. Some of his songs were for the vaudeville show program " Zigfield Follies " ( one of the roots of the " Great American Songbook" ) are used.
In March 1907, he landed with If the Man in the Moon Were a Coon ( Loon ), again sung by Ada Jones, his first million-seller, which has sold over 2.5 million copies and penetrated into the pop charts until the third rank. It was a combination of Moon songs and Coon songs ( then popular songs about the moon and beyond " Negro "). Shortly thereafter, he slept with the name Fred Fisher, he had his apparently very strong Kölsch dialect but can not file; after all, but his English was enough to write a variety of sometimes highly successful compositions. In 1907 he founded Broadway (224 W. 46 Street) in the music publishing Fred Fisher Music Publishing Company, whose owner he remained until his death. This he agreed imitated double royalties, namely as a composer and his music publisher. His formula for success was: " Composing is a question of sounds, not of mind. If You create new sounds, you make money. If you manage any sounds, you have to try it with passion. "
In this way, he developed a sense of potential for success. Thus came in 1919 Dardanella to his music publishing as a composed by Felix Bernard instrumental piano rag, to which he added a text and a repeating ostinato bass. Of this total, 6.5 million copies were sold. In 1921 Jerome composed core for the Broadway show "Good Morning, Dearie " the title Ka -lu -a with lyrics by Anne Caldwell. Core used an almost identical ostinato as in Dardanella, after which he was sued for plagiarism by Fisher. Fisher won the case and was awarded $ 250 in damages.
In 1914 he married his wife Anna, daughter Doris was born on May 2, 1915 to the world ( † 15 January 2003), son Marvin was born on September 26, 1916 († August 21, 1993 ) and son Daniel " Dan " followed 26 August 1920 ( † 6 September 2001). From 1918, he anglicized his surname Fischer finally adapted in " Fisher ".
In the twenties, Fisher was one of the most famous authors of "Tin Pan Alley ", with most of his songs were adopted by Victor Records. In addition, he composed in 1925 in Hollywood and the music accompaniment for numerous silent films. In July 1922, he wrote a small tribute to the first town in his adopted hometown, Chicago (That Toddling Town), which took over as the first Ben Selvin and made after the publication in November 1922 of a Number Five of the pop charts. The much later gecoverte song is about a moralist who tries in vain to enforce Prohibition in Chicago fun-loving and ultimately fails because of the resistance of the inhabitants. It began the most intense years in which Fisher per year handed in a variety of compositions. That's When Your Heartaches His Begin was born on 3 June 1937 in the original version of Shep Fields, the Ink Spots who covered the title in December 1940, before Elvis Presley took him on 13 January 1957 as the B-side of All Shook Up.
All three children were themselves successful composers. Doris wrote her first hit Tutti Frutti in March 1938 ( composed together with guitarist Slim Gaillard Slim & Slam for, rank 3 on the pop charts ). This was followed by Whispering Grass ( August 1940 ) and You Always Hurt the One You Love ( Mills Brothers, 1944), You Can not See the Sun When You're Crying ( George Simon, 1946), for Mildred "Pearl" Bailey That 's Good Enough For me (1945 ) or Please Do not Kiss Me Put the Blame on Mame and (1946 ) for two films with Rita Hayworth. There was Marvin with For Once in Your Life for Pennsylvanians and You Do not Learn That In School for the King Cole Trio (May 1947), while Dan for Billie Holiday Good Morning Heartache (22 January 1946) and No Good Man (1944 ) wrote.
On August 13, 1957 Chicago (The Toddlin 'Town ) was in the version of Frank Sinatra, used in the movie The Joker Is Wild, which was released in theaters on September 26, 1957. Sinatra sang the song very frequently on his tours, in particular, he thus achieved great success in Chicago itself On June 6 In 1993, Frank Sinatra in Cologne - Fishers hometown - his last European concert as part of his " Diamond Jubilee Tour" at Roncalliplatz which he initiated with Fishers "Chicago".
From 1939, Fred Fisher was suffering from an incurable disease, for which he committed suicide on 14 January 1942 and died at his home in the 617 West End Avenue in Manhattan. He is buried in the Maimonidas Cemetery in Queens, New York.
Movie and Awards
Fred Fisher's fascinating career was in 1949, also based on the Hollywood movie musical " Oh You Beautiful Doll ", which was the setting for many of his big hits and was released in theaters on November 11, 1949. Herein Fisher was played by Eugene Gero Szakall (1884-1955), one of Hungarian origin actor. For Fred Fisher 179 compositions are copyright registered at ASCAP. His life's work brought Fred Fisher in 1970, the posthumous induction into America " Songwriters Hall Of Fame " one.
Discography (selection), in brackets performer with the date
- Every Little Bit Helps ( Ada Jones & Len Spencer ), June 27, 1905
- Let Me See You Smile ( Billy Murray ), March 23, 1906
- I've Said My Last Farewell ( Billy Murray ), May 31, 1906
- And A Little Bit More ( Arthur Collins), May 1, 1907
- If The Man in the Moon Were a July Coon ( Ada Jones, Edison 9372 ), 2, 1907
- When The Moon Plays Peek-A -Boo (Will Rossiter ), 1907
- The Meanest Man in Town ( Arthur Collins) 1908
- Under the Matzo Tree ( Ada Jones), 1908
- My brudda, Sylves ' ( Collins & Harlan ), August 13, 1908
- Come Josephine, in My Flying Machine ( Blanche Ring) ( Ada Jones & Billy Murray, November 1910 )
- Good- Bye, Beckie Cohen ( Fanny Brice ), April 11, 1910
- Any Little Girl That's a Nice Little Girl, Is the Right Little Girl For Me ( Billy Murray ), 1911
- Make Me Love You Like You Never Loved Before ( " That" Girl Quartet ), September 11, 1911
- When I Get You Alone Tonight ( Walter Van Brunt ), September 17, 1912
- Roll Me Around Like a hoop, My Dear ( Maud Tiffany ), 1913
- Peg O'my Heart (Charles W. Harrison, July 24, 1913), ( Bunny Berigan, November 28, 1939), ( Harmonicats March 1947 No. 1, as well as the Three Suns June 1947 ), published on 15 March 1913 the Zigfield Follies
- That Little German band (Al Jolson ), June 4, 1913
- I'm On My Way To Mandalay (Henry Burr / Albert Campbell / Will Oakland, Victor 17503 ), November 18, 1913
- Who Paid the Rent For Mrs. Rip Winkle (Al Jolson ), 1914
- Dancing the Blues Away (Al Jolson ), 1914
- When It's Moonlight on the Alamo ( Peerless Quartet Victor 17591 ), May 11, 1914
- Over the Alpine Mountains (Henry Burr / Albert Campbell, Victor 17614 ), May 15, 1914
- There's A Spark of Love Still Burning (Henry Burr, Victor 17697 ), October 19, 1914
- I Want to Go to Tokyo ( Lyric QT, Victor 17754 ), March 3, 1915
- Norway, The Land of the Midnight Sun (Al Campbell / Henry Burr, Victor 17827 ), June 4, 1915
- Ireland Must Be Heaven For My Mother Came From There (Charles Harrison, Victor 18111 ), July 19, 1916
- There's A Bit of Bad in Every Good Little Girl ( Billy Murray, Victor 18143, and Gladys Rice), September 5, 1916
- In the Land of Yamo Yamo, 1917
- Lorraine, My Beautiful Alsace Lorraine (Marion Sunshine), 1917
- When It 's Night Time in Little Italy, 1917
- They Go Wild, Simply Wild Over Me (Marion Harris, Victor 18343 ), July 12, 1917
- Oui, Oui Marie (Wee Wee, Marie) ( Yerkes Jazarimba Orchestra, Ray Benson Orchestra ), 1918
- Dardanella ( Ben Selvin, Victor 18633 ), November 20, 1919 (music by Johnny S. Black / Felix Bernard, Text: Fred Fisher)
- Daddy, You've Been More Than a Mother to Me ( Henry Burr, Victor 18656 ), November 1919
- Dardanella Blues ( Billy Murray / Ed Smalle, Victor 18688 ), June 1920 ( composed by JS Black )
- I Found A Rose In The Devil's Garden ( Harry Rader Mans Orchestra, Carmen Cavallaro & His Piano, Sterling Trio Victor 18746: March 30, 1921)
- When The Honeymoon What Over ( Henry Burr, Victor 18805 ), May 1921
- Chicago (That Todd'ling Town) ( Jazzbo 's Carolina Serenaders, Ben Selvin July 1922, Paul Whiteman Orchestra: August 23, 1922)
- Savannah ( Ted Weems & Orchestra, Victor 19344 ), April 29, 1924
- Hot Hot Hottentot ( Roger Wolfe Kahn & Orchestra, Victor 19616 ), March 10, 1925
- That Red Head Girl ( Original Memphis Five ), 1925
- If All the Stars Were Pretty Babies (BF Goodrich Silvertone Orchestra, Victor 20491 ), February 11, 1927
- Fifty Million Frenchmen Can not Be Wrong ( Nat Shilkret & Victor Orchestra, Victor 20634 ), May 5, 1927
- There Is not No Sweet Man Worth the Salt in My Tears (Paul Whiteman, Victor 21464 ), February 8, 1928
- Until the End ( Nat Shilkret & Orchestra, Victor 22138 ), July 30, 1929
- Bones And Tambourines ( choir from the Hollywood Revue ), 1929
- Strike Up The Band, 1929
- Tableaux of Jewels, 1929
- Love Song: I Love You, 1929 ( for the film Wonder of Women by Clarence Brown)
- Blue Is the Night ( Nat Shilkret & Orchestra, Victor 22290 ), January 20, 1930
- You're Feet 's Too Big ( Fats Waller ), 1936
- That's When Your Heartaches Begin ( Shep Fields, Bluebird 7015 ), June 3, 1937
- There Must Be In Paint the Sky ( George Hamilton, Victor 25611 ), June 25, 1937
- It's Great to Meet A Friend From the Old Town ( Bunny Berrigan, Victor 25664 ), September 3, 1937
- Ten Easy Lessons ( Bunny Berigan, Victor 25881 ), June 8, 1938 ( comp. Doris Fisher / Harry Bailey )
- Whispering Grass ( Do not Tell the Trees ) (Ink Spots), (Music Doris Fisher), July 1940