The freestyle wrestling is a variation of the struggle. Together with the Greco- Roman wrestling, it forms the ring sporting disciplines at the Olympic Games.
As we grapple with two counterparties are faced with on a mostly square mat. A printed on this mat red circle with a diameter of about 3 m is the fighters as a guide. As a battleground limitation is a white ring, whose diameter is about 6 m. The battle is divided into three two-minute battle sections.
Both opponents face each other at the start of the fight. The fighter who scored the first point is, have a choice in the next campaign period: it starts then his opponent on his knees, on his kneeling opponent or turn standing. The wrestler who loses the first point in the first period, makes this decision in the third period.
Prohibited are all actions that endanger the health of the wrestlers: hitting, kicking, choking, over-stretching of the joints, grasping individual fingers or pulling on hair or genitals. Also, the opponent may not be taken between eyebrows and mouth. Prohibited is also speaking on the mat.
Handles and techniques
In contrast to the Greco-Roman style, which allows only handles above the waistline, is attacked in free style the counterparty over the whole body. Even your own legs can be used to attack the opponent ( to him, for example, to turn on his shoulders in ground combat ). Typical of the free style wrestling are the following techniques:
- The split grip is a grip in which one grasps the opponent between the legs and jerky highly tears. It is preferably applied to lift a located in the Bank opponent or rotate to achieve as rating points. The split grip can be very uncomfortable for a wrestler.
- When packet handle is gripped with one arm around the opponent 's neck. With the other arm is detected the leg of the opponent to his knees and pulls it up so that he can not free himself from this grip. This grip is also called underarm throw.
- In leg screw the legs of the opponent lying on the ground are crossed and fixed. The attacker then tried to sit up and " screw " the enemy in a dangerous position to shoulder.
As early as 3000 BC in ancient China, there were Ringer schools. In the year 708 BC the wrestling was included in the Olympic Games of antiquity. Was fought in a classic style, and dangerous attacks were forbidden.
The freestyle wrestling, has a more Anglo-Saxon tradition and was founded in 1904 in St. Louis Olympic discipline. Known Olympic freestyle wrestler for Germany were, for example, Adolf Seger and Martin Knosp.
In Europe, Hungary and Germany held in the 1920s, the hegemony in the struggle. In the period from 1930 until the Second World War wrestler from Sweden and Finland were the best in the world. After the Second World War, the Soviet dominance Ringer both Greco-Roman and free style began. In addition, developed in other countries in Eastern and Southeastern Europe Ringer strongholds - such as Romania, Hungary and Bulgaria.
Russia remained after the collapse of the Soviet Union initially leading Ringer nation, however, developed in the former states of the Soviet Union is now also becoming stronger wrestler. Kazakhstan, Cuba, Turkey and South Korea formed around the turn of the millennium usually the chasing group of Russia in the medal table. Also other former Soviet republics such as Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia and Ukraine are established in the world rankings. In general, the number of countries who win medals at international tournaments, grown strong. With Asia, ( North ) America and Europe, there are three continents that make up successful wrestlers come.