Shipment means the transportation of freight (eg raw materials, mineral resources, products of heavy industry, other goods and bulk goods ) by boat to transport suitable waterways ( rivers, canals ), lakes, seas and oceans. The transport of persons is referred to only as shipping, if it takes place in political or economic order, for example, the transport of an army or of slaves.
The shipment of raw materials, mineral resources and products of heavy industry often represents a significantly cheaper alternative to land transport (railway, trucks, heavy trucks ), provided that the geographical conditions exist.
For some types of cargo loading on board the cargo ship on special shipping facilities shall take place, which may be part of a harbor. On the land side the shipment must be equipped with a system adapted to the freight infrastructure ( railway siding, road, railway Loren, conveyor belt or vibrating conveyor for bulk material, piping, loading equipment, container terminal, etc.).
A waybill accompanies the transported cargo and regulates the acquisition, transportation and delivery. With a bill of lading the transfer of the goods to be shipped by the shipper, the shipper ( carrier) is acknowledged. Dealing in bills of lading as a tradition paper (securities ) is possible.
- Cargo shipping
- Port industry