Fremantle is a city on the west coast of Australia. It is named after the British Admiral Charles Fremantle, who took the area for the British Crown possession in May, 1829. The name is stressed on the first syllable; in colloquial short form it is called " Freo ".
- 2.1 Population development
- 3.1 Structures
- 3.2 Sport
The town lies at the mouth of the Swan River, 19 kilometers southwest of the central business district of Perth.
Fremantle climate similar to the Mediterranean climate in Europe, about the same as Greece or southern Italy: Hot, dry summers with few days of rain and temperatures up to 43 ° C (measured on December 26, 2007) are in contrast to cool, wet winters.
The cool wind coming from the south during the hot summer and thus "from Fremantle to Perth blowing " is colloquially called " Fremantle Doctor". Temperatures below 0 ° C are very rare in Fremantle, snow virtually unknown.
Fremantle was established as part of the Swan River Colony in 1829 by British settlers. In 1929 it was declared to the city and had about 25,000 inhabitants. 1876 Fremantle was the scene of a spectacular liberation of prisoners, in the six Fenians, Irish freedom fighters broke out of prison, according to Rockingham fled there and with the U.S. ship Catalpa began the flight to the United States. The Catalpa had been almost a year from the U.S. to Australia on the way to accommodate the prisoners.
In Fremantle ethnic communities from Italy, Portugal and Croatia to the distinctive heritage and the culture of the city have contributed. Fremantle also plays a role in the mythology of the Noongar Aboriginal people.
Culture and sights
Fremantle is considered one of the cultural centers of Perth. From prisoners constructed buildings from the colonial era, the old jetty and port, the Maritime Museum and many other buildings of general historical interest can be found here.
This also includes the Round House, the oldest remaining building in Western Australia, which was built in 1830/1831 as a prison. It included eight cells and a prisoner's residence, which were all arranged around a central courtyard. In the 1800s, whales were hunted in the Bay of Bathers Beach below the Round House. To this end, a tunnel under the Round House was constructed by the whalers could get into the city. When the first 75 prisoners from the UK arrive in 1850 to reinforce the dwindling population of the colony, the Roundhouse proved to be too small to accommodate them. The convicts built a new gaol which was completed in the 1850erJahren and was used until 1991 as the Fremantle Prison.
The Fremantle Prison was once one of the most notorious prisons in the British Empire. Here British convicts as well as local military and prisoners of war were housed. Today it is considered one of the most important cultural heritage of the country.
The Roundhouse is located in the West End of Fremantle, a district, the buildings from the colonial period on the southern edge of the harbor contains vague and reminiscent of Stockholm. A process of gentrification in the early 1990s was accelerated by the establishment of the University of Notre Dame Australia, because the university has restored many of the buildings in the West End and still used.
The majestic Fremantle History Museum was also built in the 1860s by prisoners from local limestone. Previously was in the building at Ord Street a psychiatric clinic and during the Second World War it served as a base of the U.S. Navy. Today, one of the most salient points of the city, the Immigration Museum is housed devoted to the history of all the immigrants who arrived in Western Australia dedicated.
The Fremantle Markets are a famous tourist attraction. They are located downtown near the "Cappuccino Strip" ( so called because of the large number of restaurants and cafes). The Prime Minister of Western Australia, Sir John Forrest laid the foundation for the market on November 6, 1897. More than 150 stalls are located in the Victorian building which has been included in the list of the National Trust and Heritage Council in 1980.
1891 deepened, a native of Ireland engineer Charles O'Connor of the harbor. He removed the strip of limestone and sandy shoals at the entrance of the Swan River and Fremantle made so that a usable port for commercial shipping. The city is still the main port for Western Australia. During the Second World War it was the second largest base for the submarines of the Allies, who were active in the Pacific (Pacific theater). Up to 125 U.S., 31 British and 11 Dutch submarines operated out of Fremantle, before the Americans moved on to the Philippines.
On a 42m high hill on the way to Perth tele radio station Fremantle stood for telegraph communication by Penant Hills in Sydney.
Fremantle in 1987 was the venue for the America's Cup sailing regatta, which was held in the Gage Roads.
The city maintains a sporting rivalry to Perth, especially in the Australian Football League ( AFL) between the local Football Club ( colloquially The Dockers ) called and the West Coast Eagles in Perth. The two teams are in the same stadium at home, the Subiaco Oval.
The Fremantle Mariners are several Australian water polo champion.
- Seberang Perai Malaysia, Malaysia, since 1978
- Japan Yokosuka, Japan, since 1979
- Italy Capo d' Orlando, Italy, since 1983
- Italy Molfetta, Italy, since 1984
- Portugal Funchal, Portugal, since 1996
- Bon Scott (1946-1980), former lead singer of AC / DC, is buried in the cemetery in the north of the city.