Friedrich Gernsheim

Friedrich Gernsheim ( July 17, 1839 in Worms, † September 10, 1916 in Berlin) was a German pianist, conductor, composer and music educator of the late Romantic period.


Friedrich Gernsheim, as the son of a physician of a respected Jewish family in Worms, the members of which are detectable over several centuries there. His first musical instruction he learned in Worms by his mother, who was a pianist. He later received lessons from Spohr Louis students love. Because of the unrest in the revolutionary year of 1848 he moved to Mainz, where he received piano lessons from Ernst Pauer.

1849 could be Gernsheim in Frankfurt down and received regulated and systematic instruction in piano and violin. At age eleven, he made his debut there first public appearance as a pianist and a violinist and as a composer of concert overture. In 1852, Gernsheim studied in Leipzig with Ignaz Moscheles and Ferdinand David. From 1855 to 1860 he lived in Paris, where he became acquainted with Édouard Lalo and Camille Saint- Saëns. His first job he found in Saarbrücken as music director.

From 1865 he was a teacher at the conservatory in Cologne and head of the city 's Choral Society and the Music Society. He also held the position of Kapellmeister at the Stadttheater. One of his pupils was Engelbert Humperdinck. In 1874, the appeal to Rotterdam was as director of the " Society for the promotion of music " ( Maatschappij tot Bevordering the Toonkunst ). With Brahms he formed a close friendship. An appeal to the Stern'sche Conservatory in Berlin received Gernsheim in 1890. In October 1910, his presentation of three of his own compositions for Welte - Mignon was taken.

Gernsheim married on 1 May 1877 in Worms Helene Herrnsheim (* 1851 in Karlsruhe, † October 26, 1927 in Berlin); the couple had two daughters. Descendants today live abroad.

He was a member of the Academy of Arts. The city of Dortmund honored the 75 - year-old composer in 1914 with a two days lasting " Gernsheim hard ", in which he was to experience as a conductor and pianist.

1872 Gernsheim Freemasons in the box to the rebuilt temple of brotherly love in Worms, 1897 then in the Berlin Loge Friedrich to justice.

His tomb is located in the Jewish Cemetery Weissensee in Berlin.

In the era of National Socialism Gernsheim music was not played in Herbert Gerigks and Theophil Stengel Encyclopedia of Jews in the music his name appeared in the first edition of 1940.

Works (selection)

Gernsheim wrote four symphonies and chamber music.

  • Symphony No. 1 in G minor, Op 32
  • Symphony No. 2 in E flat major, Op 46
  • Symphony No. 3 in C minor, Op 54
  • Symphony No. 4 in B flat major, Op 62
  • Woodruff Brautfahrt, Overture, Op 13
  • For a drama, op 82
  • In Memoriam, op 91
  • Violin Concerto No. 1, Op 42
  • Violin Concerto No. 2, Op 86
  • Cello Concerto in E minor, Op 78
  • Piano Concerto in C minor, Op 16
  • Divertimento for flute, two violins, viola, cello and double bass (or flute and string orchestra) in E major, Op 53
  • Cello Sonata No. 1 in D minor, Op 12 (1868 )
  • Cello Sonata No. 2 in E minor, Op 87 (1914 )
  • String Quartet No. 1, Op 25
  • String Quartet No. 2, Op 31
  • String Quartet No. 3, Op 51
  • String Quartet No. 4, Op 66
  • String Quartet No. 5, Op 83
  • String Quintet No. 1, Op 9
  • String Quintet No. 2, Op 89
  • Piano Trio No. 1, Op 28
  • Piano Trio No. 2, Op 37
  • Piano Quartet No. 1, Op 6
  • Piano Quartet No. 2, Op 20
  • Piano Quartet No. 3, Op 47 nr. 3
  • Piano Quintet No. 1, Op 35
  • Piano Quintet No. 2, Op 63