Friedrich Kambartel (* February 17, 1935 in Münster ( Westphalia ) ) is a German philosopher.
Kambartel studied mathematics, physics, chemistry and philosophy at the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster. In 1959, he was there rer with the mathematical work Orthonormal systems and boundary integral equations in the theory of functions of several variables to the Dr.. nat. doctorate. In 1966 he qualified as a professor of philosophy in Münster with the writing experience and structure. Building blocks to a critique of empiricism and formalism
In 1966 he was appointed professor of philosophy at the University of Konstanz, where he was instrumental in building the university reform ("Little Harvard at Lake Constance " ) involved. Kambartel stands near the Erlanger School of constructivist philosophy of science. From 1993 until his retirement in 2000 he taught in Frankfurt am Main.
Kambartels focuses on the philosophy of language, the theory of the exact sciences and the philosophy of mind. He has also worked on logic, action theory, moral philosophy and philosophy of economics. He is a member of the Mainz Academy of Sciences and Literature.
His main works are published by Suhrkamp Verlag 1968 habilitation thesis "Experience and structure " and the two also published by Suhrkamp essay collections "Theory and reasoning " (1976) and " philosophy of the human world" ( 1989).
Two major themes run throughout the Kambartelsche work, on the one hand the primacy of practical reason, on the other hand the understanding of reason as a culture.
The first theme characterizes especially the science, spirit and action- theoretical work. If practical reason a primacy over the theoretical reason plays, the latter so only on the ground the former is possible, findings from neuroscience can never show about that man is but determined and can not act freely.
The second issue occurs only in the late works out clearly and then also marked a distance to the conceptual structure and attempts to define the Erlanger school. Reason is not exact, for example, by definition as a principle or criterion to pin down. Reason is rather a culture in which one grows, a social practice in which one forms his judgment. Conceptual judgments such as Immanuel Kant's formula itself annotated excerpts from the "grammar" of this culture. The moral is, unlike Kant thought, not the whole or the highest of reason. They see it as a rationality standard among others. The reason this integral rationality standard and weigh it down to other standards of rationality.
Publications (selection )
Independent publications and ( participation in ) Editions
- Bernard Bolzano's the foundation of logic. Selected paragraphs from the Science Teaching, Vol 1 and 2, with supplementary text summaries, an introduction and registers, ed. by F. Kambartel, Hamburg, 1963, 1978 ².
- Experience and structure. Building blocks to a critique of empiricism and formalism, Frankfurt aM, 1968, 1976 ²; Spanish: Buenos Aires, 1972.
- Gottlob Frege: Posthumous writings, composed by Gabriel G. and W. Rödding edited, introduced and annotated by H. Hermes, F. Kambartel, F. Kaulbach, Hamburg, 1969; engl:. Oxford, 1979.
- Historical dictionary of philosophy, co-editor. by F. Kambartel, Stuttgart / Basel, 1971ff.
- For normative foundation of science, ed. by F. Kambartel, J. Mittelstraß, Frankfurt aM, 1973.
- Philosophy of science as a critique of science (together with P. Janich, J. Mittelstraß ), Frankfurt aM, 1974.
- Practical Philosophy and constructive philosophy of science, ed. by F. Kambartel, Frankfurt q.s., 1974.
- Theory and rationale. Studies on philosophy and science understanding, Frankfurt aM, 1976.
- Philosophy of the human world. Treatises, Frankfurt q.s., 1989.
- Critique of reason, according to Hegel. Analytically - critical interpretation of the dialectic, ed. Chr Demmerling, F. Kambartel, Frankfurt aM, 1992.
- Philosophy and Political Economy, Göttingen, 1998.
- Philosophy of language. Problems and methods (together with P. Stekeler - Weithofer ), Stuttgart, 2005.
Articles in journals and anthologies
( Not specifically listed here are the essays from the anthologies " philosophy of the human world", " Philosophy and Political Economy " and "Theory and reasoning .")
- Symbolic acts. Remarks on the Foundation of a Pragmatic Theory of Language, in: ( ed. by G. Ryle ) Contemporary Aspects of Philosophy, Stocksfield, 1976, 70-85; German: Symbolic actions. Reflections on the foundations of a pragmatic theory of language, in: ( ed. by J. Mittelstraß, M. Riedel ) rational thinking. Studies on practical philosophy and philosophy of science, Berlin, 1978, 3 - 22
- Remarks on the question " What is and is philosophy? ", In: Hermann Luebbe (ed.): What is philosophy? Opinions of a working group, de Gruyter, Berlin / New York 1978, 17-34
- Essay on the Understanding, in: ( ed. by B. McGuiness, J. Habermas, Apel K.-O., R. Rorty, Ch Taylor, F. Kambartel, A. Wellmer ) The lion speaks ... and we can do it do not understand, Frankfurt aM, 1991, 121-137; also in: ( ed. by P. Stekeler - Weithofer ) history of philosophy in text and illustration, Vol 9: Present, Stuttgart, 2004, 288 - 309
- About the practical form of our life, in: ( ed. by H. Schnädelbach, G. Keil ) Contemporary Philosophy - present the philosophy, Hamburg, 1993, 281 - 289
- Normative observations on the problem of a scientific definition of life, in: ( ed. by A. Barkhaus etc.) identity, corporeality, normativity, Frankfurt aM, 1996, 109-114; also in: ( ed. by A. Krebs ) Natural Ethics, Frankfurt aM, 1997, 331 - 336
- Truth and reason. In order to develop their practical foundations, in: ( ed. by Ch Hubig ) Cognitio Humana. Dynamics of knowledge and values , Berlin, 1997, 175-187; abridged version in: Information Philosophy, 1997, Issue 4, 5 - 17
- The timeliness of the philosophical constructivism, in: ( ed. by AD Thiel ) Academic memorial service for Paul Lorenzen, academic speeches and symposia of the Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen- Nuremberg, Vol 13, Erlangen / Nuremberg, 1998, 25 - 36
- Truth and justification, in: dialectics. Encyclopedic Journal of Philosophy and Sciences, 1999, 37 - 52
- Rigor and accuracy, in: ( ed. by G.-L. Lueken ) forms of argument = Leipzig Papers on the Philosophy, 11, Leipzig, 2000, 75 - 85
- Semantic content and grounds, in: ( ed. by A. Fuhrmann, EJ Olsson ) Pragmatic thinking, Frankfurt / Lancaster, 2004, 135 - 145
- Spirit and Nature. Reactions to its normative foundations, in: ( ed. by G. Wolters, M. Carrier) Homo sapiens and Homo Faber. Epistemic and technical rationality in antiquity and modern times, Berlin / New York, 2005, 253 - 265
- Meaning, Justification, and Truth, in: Pragmatics & Cognition, 13, 2005, 109 - 119
- In: ( ed. by J. Ritter) Historical Dictionary of Philosophy, Basel / Stuttgart, 1971 to 1989, the Posts: sequence; View set / set of terms; condition; experience; size; Method (together with R. Welter ); Natural history; Analytic Philosophy and Philosophy of Science ( together with G. Gabriel, Th Rentsch ).
- In: ( ed. by J. Mittelstraß ) Encyclopedia Philosophy and Theory, Vol 1 and 2, Mannheim / Zurich / Vienna, 1980-1984, Vol 3 and 4, Stuttgart / Weimar, 1995-1996, the contributions: sequence; general ( ethically ); Analogies of Experience; analysis; intuition; analytically; Anticipations of Perception; Apprädikator; a priori; work; Aesthetics, transcendental; Bacon, F.; condition; justification; Prudence; Bolzano, B.; Bridge principle; empiricism; Erlanger school; finite / finitism; Sequence ( logical); Frankfurt School; peace; Use-value; serenity; Marginal utility; size; Size doctrine; reason; Basic research; principle; ceteris paribus clause (together with R. Wimmer ); Idea ( systematic); Keynes, J. M.; consensus; Life, good; Life, sensible; Quality of life; Malthus, T.R.; Added value; meta-ethics; means; morality; moralism; morality; Standard ( action theory, moral philosophy ); normative; normalization; benefits; Economics, political; Pascal, B.; Person (together with A. Krebs, Th Jantschek ); Philosophy, practical; pluralism; Positivism ( systematic); pragmatics; pragmatic; principle; justification; Rule ( together with Th Jantschek ); Ritter, J.; Sentence itself; scheme; schematism; Scholz, H.; End in itself; Criterion of meaning, empiricist ( together with M. Carrier); Socrates; structure; stage; Icon ( together with B. Gräfrath ); Exchange value; theoretically; Theory, critical; Theory and practice; transsubjective / trans-subjectivity; universalization; Universality ( ethically ); utopianism; Verification principle ( together with M. Carrier); Concepts of the understanding, pure; prerequisite; presuppositions / presuppositions; Idea in itself; Law of value; Whitehead, A. N.; Science; Critique of science.