Friedrich Leo ( * July 10, 1851 in Pommern, Pomerania, † January 15, 1914 in Göttingen ) was a German classical scholar, who in Kiel ( 1881-1883 ), Rostock ( 1883-1888 ), Strasbourg ( 1888-1889 ) and Göttingen (1889-1914) was a professor. As a Latinist he did much to promote dramatic poetry of the Romans lasting contribution, especially in textual criticism of Plautus and Seneca.
The doctor's son, Ludwig Friedrich Leo studied from 1868 in Göttingen, where he joined the fraternity Brunsviga. After military service in the 1870/71 war he studied in Bonn Classical Philology at Bücheler Franz and Hermann Usener, along with Georg Kaibel, Friedrich von Duhn, Georg Dehio and Hans Delbrück. After receiving his doctorate in 1873 Leo made several trips in the Mediterranean countries and habilitated in 1877 in Bonn. In 1881 he became an associate professor in Kiel, 1883 Associate Professor in Rostock and 1888 in Strasbourg. In 1889 he was appointed to a Chair latinistischen to Göttingen, where he remained until his death. His successor was Richard Reitz stone. In the academic year 1903/1904 Leo was rector of the University of Göttingen. Since 1889 he was also a regular member of the Göttingen Society of Sciences and since 1897 its secretary.
1883 married Friedrich Leo Cécile Hensel ( 1858-1928 ), a daughter of the landowner and entrepreneur Sebastian Hensel, Fanny Hensel granddaughter of the composer and the painter Wilhelm Hensel and great-granddaughter of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn and entrepreneur, as well as sister of the philosopher Paul Hensel and the mathematician Kurt Hensel. The couple had three children: Heather Leo (1887-1949, since 1913 married to the German studies Walther Brecht), the Romanists Ulrich Leo ( 1890-1964 ) and the theologian Paul Leo ( 1893-1958 ), see Master list of his father Ludwig Friedrich Leo.
Already at the beginning of his scientific career published Leo fundamental issues of the tragedies of Seneca, and (for the Monumenta Historica Germaniae ) Venantius Fortunatus. Later, especially Plautus and Early Roman literature were generally in the center of his research. He also worked on the biography in the ancient world. As Ulrich von Wilamowitz- Moellendorff, who was temporarily his colleague in Göttingen, Leo took the concept a comprehensive archeology.
Writings (selection )
- Plautinische research. Weidmann, Berlin 1895; 2nd edition 1912; Reprint University Press, Darmstadt 1966.
- The Greco-Roman biography according to their literary form. Teubner, Leipzig 1901; Reprint Olms, Hildesheim, 1990. ISBN 3-487-00986-2
- History of Roman literature. Vol 1 The archaic literature. Weidmann, Berlin 1913.
- Selected small fonts. Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, Roma 1960, 2 volumes