Friedrich Leopold zu Stolberg-Stolberg
Count Friedrich Leopold zu Stolberg - Stolberg, short form: Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg ( born November 7, 1750 in Bramstedt, Holstein, then under Danish rule, † December 5, 1819 at Gut Sondermühlen ( Melle ) in Osnabrück, buried in Stockkämpen ) was a German poet, translator and lawyer.
First, with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe friends, with whom he traveled to Switzerland, he was ultimately affect more of the religious groups to Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, Matthias Claudius, Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, Johann Gottfried von Herder and the Cathedral 's circle. From 1806 to 1818, he wrote a history 15bändige the religion of Jesus Christ.
Friedrich Leopold was born as the second son of Count Christian of Stolberg- Stolberg Günther and his wife, née Countess Christiane zu Castell - Remlingen. He grew up in Copenhagen, where his father was Lord Chamberlain. After his early death, a friend of the family Klopstock took over his upbringing.
Together with his brother Christian of Stolberg- Stolberg Stolberg studied law at Halle. Later, the brothers changed to Göttingen, where they were taken with her tutor Carl Christian Claus joke on 19 December 1772 in the poet covenant Hainberg. Together they undertook extensive educational tours through Germany and Switzerland.
Stolberg was his brother Christian as recorded on 11 May 1774 the Hamburg Masonic Lodge The three roses and raised there on 21 April 1775 champion. In Berlin, he was reportedly taken to higher levels of the Grand National. He retired shortly afterwards by the Freemasons back because he did not satisfy his requirements.
From 1777 to 1780 Friedrich Leopold was the ambassador of the Prince Bishop of Lubeck in Copenhagen. In 1789 he was the Danish Ambassador in Berlin, and from 1791 to 1800 president of the Prince Bishop's colleges in Eutin, where he belonged to the circle Eutiner. In the 1790s he was also close to the conservative Emkendorfer circle. In the dispute over the embossed by the Enlightenment theology Liturgy of the General Superintendent Jacob Georg Christian Adler he teamed up in 1798 by an anonymous signature, the first Matthias Claudius was attributed, as their opponents. At this time he had already caught up with the Munster circle around the Princess Amalie of Gallitzin and Franz von Furstenberg.
Early 1800 he resigned his public office and moved to Münster. There he came, his second wife Sophie and his children - with the exception of daughter Marie Agnes from 1st marriage, who was engaged to her cousin Ferdinand of Stolberg- Wernigerode - on February 1, 1800 with the Catholic Church over which he at the Earl made to Stolberg and in Protestant Germany for very big splash. Even 19 years later took Johann Heinrich Voss, Göttingen university friend of Stolberg and as rector in Eutin its neighbor, this conversion as an opportunity for his polemical writings How was Friz Stolberg a serf? (1819 ) and confirmation of Stolberg 's machinations (1820 ).
On June 11, 1782, he married Eleonore Henriette Agnes, the daughter of Adam Levin of wit lives of young people. The couple had the following children:
- Christian Ernst (* July 30, 1783, † May 22, 1846 ); K.u.K. Major-General; 1846 Lieutenant- ∞ 1818 Josephine of bile Berg ( 1784-1839 )
- Marie Agnes (1785-1848) ∞ 1802 Ferdinand of Stolberg- Wernigerode ( 1775-1854 )
- Andreas Otto Henning (1786-1863)
- Henriette Luise (1788-1868) ∞ 1812 Carl von Hardenberg († 1813)
After the premature death of his first wife on 15 November 1788, he married on 15 February 1790 Countess Sophie Charlotte Eleanor of Rederns (* November 4, 1765; † January 8, 1842 in Rumillies, Hainault ), daughter of Sigismund Ehrenreich of Rederns. The couple had the following children:
- Julie Agnes Emilie (* December 10, 1790, † March 12, 1836 ) ∞ March 10, 1812 Graf Maximilian von Korff called Schmising - Kerssenbrock (* November 14, 1781, † October 18, 1850 )
- Sybille Johanna Amalie ( * April 2, 1792; † August 29, 1792 )
- Johann Franz Leo ( born August 21, 1793 † April 13, 1794 )
- Franz Bernhard Leo ( born February 9, 1795 † June 21, 1795 )
- Christian Franz Leo ( * February 26, 1796, † June 16, 1815 ), killed at Ligny
- Johann Peter Caius (1797-1874) ∞ 1829 Marie of Loë ( 1804-1871 )
- Leopold (1799-1840) ∞ 1838 Christiane von Sternberg - Manderscheid ( 1798-1840 )
- Alfred (* August 13, 1800, † November 9, 1834 )
- Franz Bernhard ( * January 8, 1802, † March 29, 1815 )
- Bernard Joseph (* April 30, 1803; † January 21, 1859 ) ∞ January 8, 1833 Charlotte of Seherr - Thoss ( born July 8, 1809 † August 1, 1878 )
- Joseph Theodor (1804-1859); was landowner and politician
- Maria Theresa Amalie ( * December 24, 1805, † December 25, 1843 ) ∞ May 4th, 1825 Carl von Robiano - Borsbeek (* May 8, 1785; † October 9, 1854 )
- Marie Amalie Pauline Clementine (* April 12, 1807; † January 20, 1880 ) ∞ September 19, 1826 Ludwig von Robiano - Borsbeek (* March 10, 1781, † May 24 1855 )
- Marie Sophie Pauline ( born September 18, 1810; † January 19, 1889 )
His sisters Henriette (1747-1782) and Augusta were successively married to the Danish Foreign Minister Andreas Peter von Bernstorff.
- Christian of Stolberg- Stolberg: poems of the Christian and Friedrich Leopold Count Stolberg brothers. Edited by Heinrich Christian Boie. Weygand, Leipzig, 1779. Digitized and full text in German Text Archive
Friedrich Leopold wrote odes, ballads, satires, travelogues and dramas, including 1784, the tragedy Timoleon and 1788 the amendment to the island. In 1794 he described his travels in Germany, Switzerland, Italy and Sicily in the years 1791 and 1792 ( digitized ). Friedrich Christoph Perthes, a son of Matthias Claudius, published several of these writings.
He translated the Iliad ( 1778), Plato ( 1796-1797 ), Aeschylus (1802 ) and Ossian (1806 ). In 1815 he published the life of Alfred the Great, and in the years 1806-1818 a 15bändige history of the religion of Jesus Christ, in addition 2 index volumes. His book of love, and his answer to a pamphlet by Johann Heinrich Voss Short clearance of long diatribe of the Lord Hofrath Voss published until after his death.
Some of his poems were set to music by Franz Schubert: Morning Song, Evening Song, On the Nature, On the water to singing, song, voice of love, Daphne am Bach, Song in the absence, Romanzo.