Friedrich Thiersch

Friedrich Wilhelm von Thiersch ( born June 17, 1784 in Kirchscheidungen at Freyburg, † February 25, 1860 in Munich) was a German philologist, also known as " Praeceptor Bavariae " ("teacher of Bavaria" ) and as the "father of humanistic education" in Bavaria was called, like Wilhelm von Humboldt in Prussia.

One of his brothers was the poet of Prussia song, Bernhard Thiersch. A son, Carl Thiersch, a famous surgeon, his other son Heinrich Wilhelm Josias Thiersch theologian, and the architect and painter Friedrich von Thiersch was was a grandson of him.


Thiersch studied since 1804 in Leipzig and Göttingen, where he became a lecturer in 1808. In 1809 he was a professor at the Munich Wilhelmsgymnasium and 1811 at the Lyceum. The following year he founded the Bavarian Academy of Sciences with the associated Philological Institute and gave a forum 1811-1829 out the four-volume Acta philologorum Monacensium. After the parade took place in 1826 at the University of Landshut to Munich was Friedrich Thiersch full professor. From 1831 to 1832 he was in Greece and seems to have strong effect meaning that Otto I became Greek king. Bitterly he had previously fought against the thesis of his colleague Jakob Philipp Fallmerayer and tried to justify as Philhellene in numerous newspaper articles, the Greek revolution.

In Göttingen he founded in 1837 with the philologists meetings. In 1848, Thiersch, who was a member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences since 1814, its President.

Soon after his arrival in Munich, Thiersch involved in quarrels with his superiors at the high school and with the circles around the Baron Johann Christoph von Aretino. It was also about slogans like " Protestant north" versus " Catholic south," but it seems to have gone about whether you should continue to the cooperating France Napoleon, as strongly advocated in particular the Baron of Aretino more, and whether in should move away the education policy of the previous enlightened direction towards a more romanticized, neo-humanistic education. As an assassination attempt was made on Thiersch on Carnival Monday 1811 pushed the blame on his opponents to the Baron of Aretino; however, seems to be proved for some time that behind it was a love affair.

After the accession of Ludwig I in 1825 Thiersch was entrusted with the transformation of higher education. In the curriculum written by him from 1829 teaching at the high school was reduced almost entirely to learning the ancient languages ​​. This came close to the ideas of the king who wanted to merge his dynastic patriotism with a neo-classical ethos (see Walhalla ).

Friedrich Wilhelm Thiersch died on 25 February 1860 in Munich. There Thierschstraße is named after him ( the Wilhelm Gymnasium between Isartorplatz and Lehel).

Writings (chronological)

  • About the supposed difference between northern and southern Germany, 1809
  • Greek grammar, especially of the Homeric dialect, 1812
  • Greek grammar for schools, 1812
  • About the poems of Hesiod, their origin and connection with those of Homer, 1813
  • About the epochs of the visual arts among the Greeks, 3 volumes, 1816-1825
  • Eulogy at Carl Wilhelm Friedrich Breyer, 1818
  • The processing of Pindar, 2 volumes, 1820
  • About a Greek Gemma litterata in the possession of his Majesty the King, 1824
  • Preliminary news of the Antiquarium located in the Imperial residence to Munich, 1825
  • About scholarly schools, with special reference to Bavaria, 3 volumes, 1826-1829
  • About the Modern Greek poetry, especially about their rhythmic and poetic relation to ancient Greek, 1828
  • About the cinctus Gabinus, 1829
  • About a tabula honestae Missionis in K. [ bayer. ] Antiquarium, 1829
  • About an even unedirtes, the landscape painter Hn. Carl Rottmanner accommodated from Sicily, Christian- Greek epitaph, 1829
  • About the state of the University of Tübingen, 1830
  • Unworthy failures on the University of Tübingen, 1830
  • About the fates and needs of the Ludwig -Maximilians -University of Munich, 1830
  • Remarks on a list issued by Winkelmann relief in K. Antiquarium, 1831
  • About a patera Etrusca, K. Antiquarium, 1831
  • De l' état ​​actuel de la Grèce et d' arriver à sa of moyens restoration, 2 volumes, 1833
  • Ludovico Primo Bavariae regi ... et theresae reginae ... tori genialis quinque lustra feliciter practa pie gratulatur Universitas Ludovico Maximiliane Monacensis, 1835
  • About the latest attacks on the universities, 1837
  • Gedächtnißrede to Georg Friedrich because. Mr. Frey of Zentner, 1837
  • About the dramatic nature of the Platonic dialogues, 1837
  • About the current state of public education in the western states of Germany, Holland, France and Belgium, 3 volumes, 1838
  • About the topography of Delphi, 1840 ( digitized )
  • About the relation of philology and classical studies of our time, 1840
  • About Protestantism and knee flexion in Bavaria, 1844
  • About the Hellenic painted vases, 1844
  • General aesthetics in academic teaching lectures, 1846
  • Apology of Phil Hellenes against the Prince Hermann von LG Pueckler, 1846
  • Speaking at the inaugural of the Rector's Office of the Ludwig- Maximilians- University, 1847
  • Sicilian sonnets from the 1845, 1848
  • Speech to Vorfeyer of high birth celebration of His Majesty the King Maximilian II, 1849
  • About the practical side of scientific activity, 1849
  • Viro amplissimo Illustrissimo Doctissimo Friderico Thiersch de ... de gymnasiis Bavariae eorumque praeceptoribus optime mérito post mandatos summos in philosophia honores XVIII. the Junii a MDCCCLVIII lustra decem egregia cum laude peracta laetis animis piisque votis gratulantur Gymnasii Ludoviciani rector et professores, 1858
  • Hard handoff to the fifty-year anniversary of Doctor Lord Privy Council Friedrich von Thiersch on June 18, 1858 1858
  • Friedrich Thiersch 's life ( from his letters ), edited by HWJ Thiersch, 2 volumes, 1866