Friedrich Zimmermann ( Fritz Zimmermann, born July 18, 1925 in Munich, † 16 September 2012 in Filzmoos (Salzburg), Austria ) was a German politician of the CSU. Under Chancellor Helmut Kohl he was from 1982 to 1989 Minister of the Interior and 1989-1991 Federal Minister of Transport.
- 2.1 Foreign policy
- 2.2 leniency
- 2.3 Demonstration criminal
- 2.4 Privacy
- 2.5 Environmental policy
- 2.6 Film Fund
Education and work
From 1943 to 1945 Zimmermann took part in the Second World War. When the war ended he was a lieutenant of the reserve. After graduation in 1946, he completed a study of law and economics in Munich and was established in 1950 with a dissertation on the parental authority of women with particular reference to Article 3, Section II of the Basic Law as Dr. jur. doctorate. After the second legal state exam in 1951, he was until 1954, first as assessor, and later as a council, active in the Bavarian civil service. In 1963 he was admitted to the bar.
Zimmermann was from 1943 a member of the NSDAP, 1948, he was (animated by Strauss, friend and role model was him) a member of the CSU. In 1955 he became General Manager of the CSU; 1956 to 1963 he was Secretary General of the CSU.
Zimmermann was a longtime companion of Franz Josef Strauss.
1960 Zimmermann was convicted of perjury in connection with the Bavarian casino affair, but eventually acquitted in 1961 after a medical report which certified him as of the date of the oath a decreased mental capacity due to a hypo. The affair earned him the nickname " Old Schwurhand ". Due to the affair he was - also known as " The perjury Bauer" what Zimmermann had prohibit court - in allusion to the same people by Ludwig Anzengruber. From 1963 to 1967 he was the CSU state treasurer and from 1979 to 1989 vice-chairman of the CSU.
From 1961 to 1982, Zimmermann member of the board of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group. From 1965 to 1972 he was Chairman of the Defence Committee of the German Bundestag. After the parliamentary elections on October 3, 1976, the Helmut Schmidt ( SPD) had won, he was elected in November 1976 as Chairman of the CSU party and First Deputy Chairman of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group. This office he held until October 1982, when he was appointed by Chancellor Helmut Kohl in his first cabinet.
From 1957 to 1990 Zimmermann was a member of the German Bundestag. However, he thought, after he had been for 6 Bundestag already re-elected in the election on 28 September 1969, at the federal electoral district of Landshut, with effect from October 15, 1969 from his position in the 5th Bundestag down, thereby ending his active status as a council temporarily. This enabled him to have to carry up the constitution of the 6th Bundestag on 20 October in 1969 and again enters the waiting state to the upper government and thereby its civil service "Wait money" - to improve and pension claims.
Friedrich Zimmermann has always been directly elected to the German Bundestag. Most recently, he reached 57.4 % of the votes first votes in the general election in 1987 in the electoral district of Landshut.
On 4 October 1982, he was appointed as Minister of the Interior in the run of Helmut Kohl Federal Government (Cabinet carbon I) and was then also the Cabinet Kohl II ( from 30 March 1983) and the Cabinet Kohl III (March 12, 1987 to January 18, 1991 ) on. In a cabinet reshuffle was on April 21, 1989, his office as Minister of the Interior Wolfgang Schäuble in; Zimmermann took over the leadership of the Federal Ministry of Transport ( successor to Jürgen Warnke ).
After the parliamentary elections on December 2 1990, he retired from the federal government. His successor as Minister of Transport in the Cabinet Kohl IV was Günther Krause.
Friedrich Zimmermann was Catholic, married his third wife and had two children.
He died on 16 September 2012 after a long illness in his cottage near Filzmoos in Austria, where he had lived withdrawn.
Zimmermann was considered a law-and- order man.
Zimmermann took a hard line, which repeatedly brought him by the immigration organizations and churches allegations.
Under the carpenter 's leniency program was introduced in 1989, for which he had been particularly committed.
1985/86 operating Zimmermann exacerbating the demonstration criminal Ahead ( mummery, re-introduction of the offense of breach of the peace ).
In 1988, Zimmermann made an attempt to restrict data protection. His initiative saw, among other things, extend the exchange of data between police and intelligence services and to limit the powers of the Federal Commissioner for Data Protection.
Zimmermann was also responsible for environmental policy to the creation of a separate Ministry for the Environment in 1986. He could at European level a number of negotiation successes achieved ( including the introduction of unleaded petrol, catalytic converter ). His future transport policy concepts found general recognition; his crisis management of the nuclear accident in Chernobyl (1986 ), however, was sharply criticized. He stated, among other things, a threat to the German population by the disaster was "absolutely excluded".
A turning point for the German auteur film caused Herbert Achternbusch's work The specter of 1982. This film was produced with a promised by the Federal Ministry of the Interior in the amount of DM 300,000 premium. After protests Zimmermann stressed in May 1983, then the new Minister of the Interior, because of accusations of blasphemy the outstanding installment of 75,000 marks. The specter thus became a scandalous film.
Zimmermann then continued through significant changes for the award of the Federal Film Awards. Among other things, the prize money for the next project should only account for 30 percent of total production costs. In the parliamentary meeting on October 24, 1983 Zimmermann stated that it would not fund films that would except the producers see no one. For the German auteur film, this measure had serious consequences, there was hardly a future filmmaker capable of the remaining 70 percent of production pre-finance or even einzuspielen.
- Bavarian Order of Merit
- Great Federal Cross of Merit ( 1976) Star (1980) and shoulder belt ( 1985)
- Golden Ring of Honour of the town of Landshut (1984 )
- Grand Gold Medal of the Republic of Austria (1984 )
- Prussia Shield (1986 )
- European Charlemagne Prize of the Sudeten Germans (1988 )