Friedrichshain- Kreuzberg is the second borough of Berlin and has approximately 260,000 inhabitants. It was created in 2001 by the merger of the Eastern district of Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg district of the West.
The district is considered as an alternative, creative and is a stronghold of left-wing parties, particularly the Greens. Friedrichshain- Kreuzberg has both the youngest population as well as with some 13,000 inhabitants per square kilometer is by far the highest population density of all the twelve districts of Berlin.
- 5.1 International
- 5.2 National
- 6.1 Vegetables battle
- 6.2 Carriage Museum
- 6.3 place of diversity
The two districts of the district, Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain are separated by the River Spree. The Upper tree bridge connects both old areas and has thus become the symbol of the new county, which is expressed in the district coat of arms.
Both districts are among the trendy districts of Berlin and experience due to the high demand for housing a structural change in the form of gentrification. Since Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain are sometimes considered as a unit since the merger in language use, to reductions such as " Cross Hain " and "X - grove " (or " Xhain " ) have been established, in particular as a reference to the nightlife in the district.
- SO 36 (eastern Kreuzberg)
- Kreuzberg 61 (western Kreuzberg)
A number of historic district designations on the territory of the county, such as Luis city and Tempelhof suburb, live on in the names of the basic books.
Near the Alexandrinenstraße 12 in the district of Kreuzberg is the geometric center of Berlin. ( Lage52.501413.4028 )
October 31, 2013, the district of Friedrichshain- Kreuzberg, counted 263 049 inhabitants in an area of 20.2 square kilometers. Thus, the population density was on the record date at 13,048 inhabitants per square kilometer.
Structurally, the two districts differ in particular with regard to their population composition. In 2002, the proportion of foreigners was according to Statistical Office of Berlin at 32.8 percent in Kreuzberg and at 8.7 percent in Friedrichshain. On December 31, 2012, the proportion of foreigners in the entire district amounted to 22.4 percent. At the date of the share of the population with a migration background was 37.6 percent. The age composition of the population is significantly different. In Kreuzberg the proportion of 35 - to 60 -year-olds is higher, the proportion of younger people is correspondingly lower than in Friedrichshain. In the district live mostly young adults. The average age of the population was on 31 December 2012 at 37.3 years, the lowest value of all districts in Berlin, Friedrichshain -Kreuzberg, which is the district with the youngest population (compared to the Steglitz-Zehlendorf district is 46.1 years, the oldest population). The unemployment rate amounted on 30 April 2013, 13.3 percent.
The fertility rate in 2007 was 1.17, which is lower than both the Berlin average of 1.275 and below the average in Germany.
District councilors and departments
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the district of Friedrichshain- Kreuzberg was awarded on 7 October 2003 by the Senate of Berlin.
" In a silver shield with blue Wellenschildfuß, topped with four silver shaft threads, a red crenellated bridge, which is divided by two pointed considered and beknaufte towers, which are covered with battlements, false ceilings, cornices and black arrow slits and pointed windows, in three equal arcs. The two outer curves are shown as semicircles. The escutcheon is placed a red three-towered mural crown, whose central tower is occupied by the Berlin coat of arms. "
The coat of arms is derived from the coat of arms of the former in 1991 designed Friedrichshain district. It shows the upper tree bridge the unifying symbol of the newly formed district on the former border of the previous districts. The blue wave band refers to the Spree, on which leads to the upper tree bridge, and has also been adopted from the previous coat of arms, which in turn borrowed from the blue tincture of the arms Stralaus. The mural crown is the unifying element of all districts in Berlin.
The district of Friedrichshain- Kreuzberg has currently ten twinning.
Israel Kiryat Yam, Israel - since 1990
Poland Szczecin, Poland - June 1996
Turkey Kadıköy (district of Istanbul), Turkey - August 1996
Bulgaria Oborischte (district of Sofia), Bulgaria - since May 1999
- Wiesbaden ( Hesse ) - since April 1964
- Porta Westfalica (North Rhine -Westphalia) - since April 1968
- Kreisberg road (Hesse) - since July 1969
- Ingelheim am Rhein ( Rhineland -Palatinate ) - since October 1971
- Limburg- Weilburg ( Hesse ) - since March 1980
Since 1998 takes place on the Upper tree bridge every year which registration as a demonstration vegetable battle between residents of the former districts of Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain instead. It is a parody dealing with the diffuse animosity of the residents of the two districts.
In Revaler road the Wagendorf trailer & truck is, as a model for alternative ways of life.
Place of diversity
On 23 September 2008, the district received the loaned by the federal government title place of diversity.