The friezes or the Friesian horse is one of Europe's oldest horse breeds, it is a Dutch breed of horse that originated in the province of Friesland and is now grown in pure culture without Fremdbluteinkreuzung. Since 1879, the Friesch - Paarden Stamboek, the official studbook of the breed, out. The seat of the stud book is Drachten.
Background information on the evaluation and breeding horses can be found at: exterior, interior and horse breeding.
Friesian horses are stout with an arched, often overestimated and usually very strong neck, well angulated and muscled hindquarters and a marked spring of rib. Friesen are now selected solely on the black color of the horse, and are therefore mostly homozygous for that color. The last bay mare named Patricia in 1928 entered in the stud book. Brown no longer come today; very rarely even foxes can occur that are not desirable. As Fuchsvererber known stallions are excluded from breeding. Also, the friezes may not have white markings on the head or legs, but should be pure black from top to bottom. A star on the forehead is permitted but undesirable.
Friesen often have lush long hair, which is why they are referred to in southern Germany and Austria as a long-haired horses. Visible are also Friesen on lightly feathered on the legs. This appearance has not changed much since the 17th century. In recent years, larger than average Friesen were grown increasingly - which is due to the demand towards a sportier horse. Most mares reach a size 155-165 cm, while the stallions are larger. To be eligible for grading, the stallion a minimum size of 158 cm or four years old 160 cm must have three year.
By 1996, the frieze was characterized by a tongue tattoo instead of a fire sign, since 1996, microchips are used for animal identification.
By Einzucht Iberian horses of the Friesian gained significant dressage suitability. The high knee action, the sweeping gaits and in particular his talent to high school make the Frisians to a popular show and dressage horse. In addition, he is by his power, reliability, patience and gentleness still frequently found in front of the carriage.
The Friesian is a Dutch breed of horse. As the name of the breed reveals the origin of these horses is located in the province of Friesland.
The first mention of a horse that you can assign as " friezes ", comes from the Roman period. Tacitus and Julius Caesar mention the horse and it is described that the animals were exported to England by the Romans.
Today's modern Friesian horse originated in the 16th and 17th centuries by a crossing of Spanish horses in the then rather cold-blooded, regional type of horse, while the Netherlands were occupied by Spain.
At the beginning of the 18th century was less and less ridden in the grand houses, it went even more in sleek, lightweight carriages. For this you need the appropriate majestic horses.
When the Friesian horses increasingly went out of fashion in the 19th century, the breeding of pure Friesian horse has been neglected. In 1910 the stallion stock had shrunk to only four horses, three years later there were only the stallions Prinsengracht 109, Alva 113 and 117 Friso alive. Thereupon some breeders believe successfully and for the salvation of the old breed. They had recognized that not only an agricultural animal was threatened with extinction, but also a piece of Dutch history, after all, the frieze is the only Dutch horse breed. Now, Frisians are mainly used as driving and riding horses.
For today's spread the Friesian horse, efforts were made by the breeder. However racially foreign blood was determined by the cross-breeding of Spanish horses Never again supplied. The stock was secured only by inbreeding within the small population and enlarged. Therefore, registered horse determines a so-called inbreeding factor for each day in the Dutch Friesian horses studbook ( Koninklijke Vereniging "Het Friesch Paarden - Stamboek " ( KFPS ) ) in Drachten in the province of Friesland. This indicates that the percentage of inbreeding the genome of the animal is stressed.
The selection of the stallions that are approved for breeding, is one of the strictest in the world. Every year in autumn, put all stallion prospect, mostly young stallions at the age of two and a half years, a jury. But older animals that might be already able to show some success in riding and driving sports are presented. There is a pre-selection and the best stallions are allowed to make in January of the following year on the central licensing another exterior assessment. There is still selected twice, until finally a few stallions are instructed to stallion performance test. This takes place in the autumn of the same year. The stallion prospects are therefore good three and a half year as a rule. There also exist again just the ordeal, in which also, for example, the stable behavior and the work will be assessed in addition to the exterior and the gaits.
But even if the stallion performance test has been passed, an approved stallion each year the jury has to face and pick up his breeding permit to the Central licensing in Friesland again. Only after four to five years, the first crop of foals of the stallion is three years old, is a final assessment was: A selection of the offspring of the stallion is as a yearling, appraised two years old and three years old and the stallion remains only in the breed, if its contribution is valued positively. Does the stallion proven a positive contribution, it will abgekört and no longer performed in the Dutch Friesian stallion studbook as an approved stallion.
The Friesian horse studbook in 1879 is the oldest Studbook of the Netherlands today 60 000 horses in over 50 countries. Here, the tests of the associations connected to the same standards be made.