Front vowel

Front vowels are vowels in which the tongue is as far forward as possible without a constriction, which led to a consonant, to produce. The front vowels are:

  • Closed unrounded front vowel [i ]
  • Rounded closed front vowel [y ]
  • Unrounded centralized nearly closed front vowel [ ɪ ]
  • Rounded centralized nearly closed front vowel [ ʏ ]
  • Unrounded semi-closed front vowel [e ]
  • Rounded semi-closed front vowel [ ø ]
  • Unrounded half open front vowel [ ɛ ]
  • Rounded half open front vowel [œ ]
  • Almost unrounded open front vowel [ æ ]
  • Unrounded open front vowel [ a]
  • Rounded open front vowel [ ɶ ]

Effect on the preceding consonant

In the history of many Indo-European languages ​​changed front vowels to palatal velar consonant precedes, or postalveolar alveolar consonants. Similar changes also occurred in many other languages, for example Japanese. The historical palatalization is reflected in the orthography of some European languages ​​resist, including c and g in Italian, Spanish and French, k in the Norwegian and Swedish and γ in the Greek.

  • Vowel