FTSE 100 Index
The FTSE 100 Index ( colloquially: Footsie; pronounced Futzi ) is the main UK equity index. The abbreviation stands for FTSE Financial Times Stock Exchange. The FTSE 100 is an index number that is on the development and status of the British share prices of the 100 largest and most actively traded companies on the London Stock Exchange information. It thus provides the market segment of the British blue chips and is the leading index for the UK stock market. It is calculated by FTSE Group, which emerged from a joint venture between the London Stock Exchange with the Financial Times.
The FTSE 100 is a price index and represents 80 percent of the market capitalization of the London Stock Exchange ( LSE). The Index will be determined solely on the basis of share prices and adjusted only to income from subscription rights and special. Dividend payments are not included in the calculation of the index. Corporate actions such as stock splits have no ( distorting ) influence on the index. The calculation is during the LSE trading hours 8:00 to 16:30 local time ( 9:00 to 17:30 CET) updated every second. The investment universe consists of all companies based in the United Kingdom, listed on the London Stock Exchange.
To create a selection list the companies in the investment universe are sorted in descending order by market capitalization. An index value representing a market capitalization rank has less than 111 at the respective reporting is replaced. Similarly, a non- index value whose market capitalization rank is better than 90, added to the FTSE 100 Index until all old items are replaced. The weighting of the stocks in the index shall be based on market capitalization. There is no capping of individual securities. The composition of the FTSE 100 is reviewed quarterly in March, June, September and December.
The FTSE 100 Index was published on 3 January 1984 with a base value of 1,000 points for the first time and calculated back to 1969. On 4 March 1987, the index closed above the first 2,000 -point mark. On 20 October 1987, the stock index suffered with 12.22 percent of the biggest daily loss in its history. Reason was Black Monday, when the value of the Dow Jones Industrial Average broke on 19 October 1987 at the New York Stock Exchange, up 22.6 percent.
Another milestone in the development of the FTSE 100 was August 11, 1993, when he finished trading for the first time surpassed the mark of 3,000 points. Also in the following years marked the index more record highs. On 2 October 1996, the FTSE 100 closed for the first time on the 4,000 -point mark, and on 6 August 1997 for the first time above the limit of 5,000 points. The 6,000-point mark overcame the FTSE 100 for the first time on 1 April 1998. On 30 December 1999, the index with a closing level of 6930.20 points, an all time high.
After the bursting of the speculative bubble in the technology sector ( dot-com bubble ), the index fell to a low of 3436.00 points to 10 March 2003. This was a decrease of 50.4 percent since December 1999. The March 10, 2003 marks the end of the descent. As of spring 2003, the FTSE 100 began to rise again. To 15 June 2007, the stock index rose to a closing level of 6732.40 points. Since the low in March 2003, the profit is 95.9 percent.
In the course of the international financial crisis in the U.S. real estate crisis originated in the summer of 2007, the FTSE 100 began to fall again. On 16 January 2008, the index closed back below the limit of 6,000 points and on 17 September 2008 under the 5,000 -point mark. On October 10, 2008, the limit was 4,000 points. Due to the fear about the U.S. real estate crisis increased volatility. On 24 November 2008, the FTSE 100 reached 9.84 percent the biggest one-day gain in its history. A new low was achieved by the Index on March 3, 2009, when he finished trading with 3512.09 points. Since 15 June 2007, this represents a decrease of 47.8 percent.
The March 3, 2009 marked the turning point of the descent. From the spring of 2009, the FTSE 100 was back on the way up. As of February 8, 2011, he rose by 73.4 percent to a closing level of 6091.33 points. The slowdown in the global economy and the intensification of the euro crisis led to a fall in the UK 's leading index. On 4 October 2011, the FTSE 100 ended the day at 4944.44 points. The loss since the peak on 8 February 2011 is 18.8 percent.
The announcement of new bond purchase programs of the European Central Bank and the U.S. Federal Reserve in principle unlimited extent led to a recovery of prices in the stock market. The monetary stimulus played a greater role in price formation, as the global economic slowdown and the position of the company. On January 11, 2013, the index closed at 6121.58 points, up by 23.8 per cent as on October 4, 2011.
The overview shows the all-time highs in the FTSE 100
The table shows the milestones until 1969 FTSE 100 back-calculated
The best days
The table shows the best days of back-calculated to 1969 FTSE 100
The worst day
The table shows the worst days of back-calculated to 1969 FTSE 100
The table shows the development of the back-calculated to 1969 FTSE 100
The FTSE 100 consists of the following companies (as at 31 December 2010).