The Jihad of the Fulani was a wave of sectarian wars of the Fulani with their neighbors in West Africa in the 18th and 19th century. Arisen among others, the theocratic Fulani Futa States Dschalon in today's Guinea, Futa Toro, Senegal and the Sokoto Caliphate in Nigeria in its wake.
The Sheikh of the Sufi order ( tariqa ) of Qadiriyyah, Usman dan Fodio, organized with his brother and his son, a religious revival movement among the Fulani, who he helped through military jihad breakthrough. After the successful campaigns of the movement, he organized the various Emirates of Northern Nigeria under his leadership to the Sokoto Caliphate, which should be destroyed only by the colonial conquests of the British end of the 19th century.
Part of jihad was the founding of the Emirate of Adamawa by Modibo Adama.