The Furka Pass is a 2'429 m above sea level. M. Schweizer Strasse high mountain pass in the Alps. It connects the Urserental (the upper valley of the Reuss ) in the canton of Uri with the district of Goms in the canton of Valais. On it, the European watershed between the Mediterranean and the North Sea runs.
The name comes from the Latin furca, thus a two-pronged fork was called.
The Furka Pass is located on the Rhone route, the national cycle route 1 in Switzerland.
At 2,272 m above sea level. M. is to be found on the west side of the pass the Hotel Belvédère, of which one has access to the end of the Rhone Glacier.
By 1981, the Furka -Oberalp -Bahn overcame the Furka Pass on a non- secure winter gear route and in 1925 completed Furka summit tunnel. This is above sea level with 2,160 m. M. the highest Alps puncture Switzerland.
With the opening of the base tunnel the mountain route was shut down. However, the dismantling of the route could be prevented by railway enthusiasts. As of 1992, a steam railway Furka AG operated a preserved railway in parts of the mountain range. On August 12, 2010, the entire route was reopened.
All year car transport is offered by the railway base tunnel between Realp and Upper Forest VS.
On the map of the Swiss Federal Office of Topography of the pass is 2'429 m above sea level. However, M., on the label on the spot ( pass ) is still 2'436 m asl specified, as it was listed on the old Siegfried Map.
The pass was already committed to the Roman period. Later there was a mule, on the the 13th century more goods were transported as salt, wine, hides and cereals; Gomser also had Alps in Urserntal. Beginning of the 19th century had reached the Rhone glacier down even to Gletsch.
In the years 1864-1866 the nearly 40 -kilometer road was built with a minimum width of 4.20 meters from Hospental to Upper Forest. The federal government came in from military considerations for two-thirds of the cost. On the new road frequented a horse-post, to 1921, drove the first bus cross the pass. In 1911 started the construction of the Furka railway, which was opened in 1925, but could be used only during a few months in the summer. 1982 winter safe Furka base tunnel was put into operation.
1964 some scenes of the James Bond film Goldfinger Gert Frobe ( Goldfinger ), Harold Sakata ( Oddjob ), Sean Connery ( James Bond) and Tania Mallet ( Tilly Masterson ) were filmed on the Furka pass. Some scenes were also shot a little further below in Andermatt. The scenes in Switzerland are now considered classics of the Bond story and therefore were cited in later films. Specifically there may be mentioned on Monaco in the James Bond film Goldeneye here the scene.