Gabriel Harvey

Gabriel Harvey (* 1545, † 1630) was an English scholar and writer.

He was born as the eldest son of a wealthy rope-maker John Harvey Walden, later, Saffron Walden, Essex. He studied in 1566 at Christ 's College (Cambridge), and in 1570 for "fellow of " Pembroke Hall. selected. During this time he developed a lasting friendship with Edmund Spenser, who may have been his student. As a highly respected scholar suffered its reputation among his ongoing quarrel with Thomas Nashe.

Literary career

Ca 1576 he was lecturer in rhetoric and on the occasion of the visit of Queen Elizabeth I to Sir Thomas Smith in Audley End House, he was chosen to publicly debate in front of her. 1579 he complained to Edmund Spenser about the unauthorized publication of his satirical verses with references to important personalities that seemed to threaten his career seriously. In 1583 he was elected attorney (junior proctor ) of the University and in 1585 for "Master of Trinity Hall ," said employment was apparently rejected by the court. He was a protégé of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, to whom he introduced Spenser. These compounds have probably led to his friendship with Philip Sidney. 1586 after receiving the degree of Doctor of Civil Law DCL Oxford University, he moved to London as a practicing lawyer. His brother " Richard Gabriel " was involved in the Marprelate controversy and Robert Greene had offended by a contemptuous appreciation of his person and his "mental colleagues ". Greene responded in his treatise " Quip for Upstart Courtier in " with some scathing remarks about the " Harvey ". In 1599 it came from Archbishop Whitgift to an attack on contemporary satirist, in which not only destroyed the books of other essays by Gabriel Harvey and Thomas Nashe and a re-issue were banned. He spent the last decades of his life in quiet retirement until his death in 1630 at his birthplace Saffron Walden

The surviving detailed catalog on Harveys library with over 180 books and manuscripts featuring Harvey as a highly educated man of his time.

Feud with Thomas Nashe

According to Robert Greene's death, he published his " Foure Letters and certaine Sonnets " ( 1592) where he spread details about Greene's later years in a spirit of self-righteous superiority. Nashe, Harvey was superior in its ability to invectives, 1593 avenged his friend Robert Greene in a personal reckoning with Harvey by the treatise "Strange Newes ". Harvey again challenged in the same year, the personal insults Nashe 's in his " Pierce's supererogation, or a New prayse of the Old Aces" ( 1593) to, on the basis of which to Nashe in his " religious " Font ' " ' Christs Teares over Jerusalem" ( 1593) apologized. Harvey took the controversy in his book " New Letter of Notable Contents" ( 1593) again, probably because he knew Nashe 's printed apology at that time, as he wrote, the " New Letter" only as a rogue rumor, and his attitude of deep suspicion was coined. Nashe took off his debt back in a new edition of " Christe's Teares " ( 1595 ). Two years later, Nashe responded with a biting satire Have with you to Saffron Walden ( 1596), the Harvey never answered.

In a 1597 by " Richard Lichfield " Cambridge publish work "The Trimming of Thomas Nashe Gentleman" (1597 ), behind which one formerly Gabriel Harvey guessed he attacked Thomas Nashe again.

Harvey and Marlowe

Harvey wrote at the end of his " New Letter of Notable Contents", dated September 15, 1593, four, partly enigmatic poems in which he dealt mainly with the immediately preceding death of Christopher Marlowe ( buried on 1 June 1593). The four poems bear the title: 1 Sonet. Gorgon, or the Wonderfull yeare; 2 A Stanza declarative; to the Lovers of Admirable Workes; 3 The Writer 's PostScript; or a frendly Caueat to the Second Shakerly of Powles; 4.Glose.

He compares Marlowe with the figure of the mighty Gorgon, a character from the Tamburlaine ( thy Tamberlaine voutsafes to dye ), his death with the most powerful event (the mightiest wonder ) 1593 ( ninety three), Marlowe with the impressive Spirit ( magnifique mind ) with the properties of gigantic proportions ( bred of Gargantua's race ), whose mind about Kent won ( whose mind triumphed on Kent ), these gigantic spirit (that gargantuan mind ), the highest mind that each of at on earth, etc. ( highest, That ever haunted Powles, or hunted winds, Bereaft of did same sky- surmounting breath, That breath, did the Timpany taught to swell? ).

Harvey, who had apparently learned of Marlowe's death, assumed that he must have died of the plague ( Hey, and the Plague contended for the game ).

Latin writings

  • Ciceronianus (1577 )
  • G Hezrveii rhetor, sive 2 dierum oratio de natura et arte exercitatione rhetorica (1577 )
  • Smithus, vel Musarum Lachrymae ( 1578), In honor of Sir Thomas Smith
  • G. Harveil gratulationum Valdensium libri quatuour (sic), written on the occasion of the visit of Queen Elizabeth I in Audley End ( 1578)