Galánta ( until 1863 Galantha; Hungarian since 1863 Galánta, German: Gallandau ) is a small town in western Slovakia. It gives the same Okres Galánta the name and is also the administrative headquarters.
Galanta is located approximately 50 kilometers east of the city of Bratislava in Danubian Lowland ( Podunajská nížina ), the warm southern part of Slovakia.
The course of the river Waag is located about 5 km east of the city. This is about 118 meters above sea level.
According to the census of 2001, there were in Galanta:
- 60.4 % Slovaks
- 36.8 % Magyars
- 1.1% Gypsy
- 0.7 % Czechs
The vast majority is Roman Catholic ( 67.1 %), only 6.3 % are Protestant, approximately 20.1% are non-denominational. As late as 1910 89.6 % of the population spoke Hungarian, only 6.2 % Slovak and 3.5 % German or Yiddish. At that time, 65.3 % were Roman Catholic, 32.4 % Jewish and 1.3 % Lutheran.
The oldest mention Galantas found in a Dokumement the Hungarian King Bela IV from the years 1237-1240, which describes the Pannonhalma Abbey. It is placed in the archives of the monastery.
In 1421 the noble family of the Esterházy acquired large parts of the city, which they later even resulted in her name (" Esterházy of Galántha "). Other noble families became possessions in the 15th century in the city.
From the end of the 10th century until 1918 today Slovakia belonged to the Kingdom of Hungary and then came by the Peace Treaty of Trianon in 1920 for the newly formed Czechoslovakia. By the First Vienna Award of 1938, the south of Slovakia including Galánta came temporarily to 1945 for Hungary.
During the communist era in Czechoslovakia (1948-1989), many of the historic buildings were destroyed. Nevertheless, some important buildings were preserved, so which was built around 1600 Renaissance castle, which was renovated in 1992. In poor condition, however, is the Esterházy castle in neo-Gothic style in 1861, which stands empty today and degenerates into ruin.
Galánta in music
The Hungarian composer Zoltán Kodály spent seven years of his childhood in Galanta, where he mediated a renowned gypsy band first important musical experiences. As in 1933 for the 80th anniversary of the Budapest Philharmonic composed an orchestral piece, he drew on those memories. His "Dances of Galánta " are one of his most popular orchestral pieces.
To Galánta around an intensive agricultural activity and much cultivated grains, fruits and vegetables. Since 2002, a work by Samsung is in place.
The city consists of the districts:
- Galánta with Hody
The congregation in 1960 the municipalities Hody ( German Hoding ), Nebojsa and 1936 separated by Matúškovo community Štefánikovo connected. 1971-1990 also Matúškovo was incorporated.
- Nikolaus Esterházy (1582-1645), Palatine of Hungary and founder of Forchtensteiner line of Esterházy
- Michael Ambrosovszky (1702-1792), Hungarian church historian
- Viktor Müller (1871-1951), painter
- István Molnár (1913-1983), water polo
- Ferenc Kardos (1937-1999), Director
- Tivadar Tulassay ( b. 1949 ), Physicist
- Karol Duchoň (1950-1985), musician
- Daniel Kiss ( born 1984 ), football goalkeeper
- Norbert Gombos (* 1992); Tennis player
There is twinned with: