Galesburg is a city ( with a status of "City" ) and the administrative seat of Knox County in the western part of the U.S. state of Illinois. In 2010, the city had 32,195 inhabitants.
Galesburg is located at 40 ° 56'52 " north latitude and 90 ° 22'16 " west longitude and extending over 44 km ².
Neighboring towns are Henderson ( 9.7 km north ), Wataga (14,5 km northeast), East Galesburg (5.2 km east), Knoxville (9 km southeast), Abingdon (18,9 km to the south) and Cameron (17, 5 km southwest ).
The nearest major cities are Chicago (298 km northeast), Illinois ' capital Springfield (176 southeast), St. Louis, Missouri (313 km south), Iowa's capital, Des Moines ( 336 km west-northwest ) and the Quad Cities ( 75.5 km north ).
On the eastern edge runs the Interstate 74, which forms the northern and western ring road also developed for Freeway U.S. Highway 34 branches off from the northeast of the city. In the city center of U.S. Highway 150 and the Illinois State Routes 41 and 164 meet together.
Galesburg is a junction of several railway lines of the BNSF Railway, which exclusively operates freight. On the lines of the BNSF several Amtrak express trains from Chicago run in a westerly direction.
In the southwest of the urban area, the Galesburg Municipal Airport is located. The nearest major airports are 77 km southeast of General Wayne A. Downing Peoria location International Airport and 63.4 km northerly Quad City International Airport.
1835 acquired a group of settlers from New York the land for which a year later was first settled.
The still existing Knox College was founded by George Washington Gale in 1837. The emerging town was named after Gale.
In Knox College, the first Emancipator Association was founded in 1837, which became a part of the Underground Railroad.
In 1857, the Parliamentary Assembly of Illinois passed a law, the Act to Incorporate the City of Galesburg, which raised the city to the " City".
Since 1973, Galesburg administrative seat ( county seat ) of Knox County.
According to the census in 2010 lived in Galesburg 32,195 people in 13,024 households. The population density was 731.7 inhabitants per square kilometer.
The racial the population was composed of 81.1 percent white, 11.5 percent African American, 0.2 percent Native American, 0.9 percent Asian and other ethnic groups; 3.2 percent were descended from two or more races. Regardless of ethnicity were 6.9 percent of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
In the 13,024 households lived statistically 2.13 per person.
19.7 percent of the population were under 18 years old, 62.2 percent were between 18 and 64 and 18.1 percent were 65 years or older. 49.5 percent of the population was female.
The median income for a household was $ 33,510. The per capita income was $ 18,799. 20.8 percent of the population lived below the poverty line.
- Edwin H. Conger (1843-1907) - Member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1885-1890) and diplomat - lived and studied in Galesburg
- George Washington Gale Ferris (1859-1896) - Engineering - born in Galesburg
- Carl Sandburg (1878-1967) - poet, journalist and historian - who was born in Galesburg
- Dorothea Tanning (1910-2012) - painter, sculptor and writer - born in Galesburg
- Todd Hamilton ( born 1965) - professional golfer - who was born in Galesburg