6.039504783333380.2194213833330Koordinaten: 6 ° 2 ' N, 80 ° 13' O
Galle ( Sinhala ගාල්ල spoken, [ ga ː l ː ə ] in English [ gɔ ː l]; Gimhatitta also ) is a city in south-west Sri Lanka, 116 km from the capital Colombo. With her and with Matara it is connected by a railway line.
The 1663 built by the Dutch Galle Fort is like the Old Town World Heritage Site. It is the largest surviving European fort in South Asia, showing the interaction between European and Asian architecture.
Another landmark of the city is founded by Jesuit Cathedral of St. Mary's.
Before the colonization of bile was an important seaport. Persians, Arabs, Greeks, Romans, Malays and Indians drove brisk trade here. In 1640, the Portuguese surrendered to the Dutch, the bile to the seat of the governor of the Dutch East India Company (VOC ) and thus made the capital of Dutch Ceylon. The British, who in 1796 took over the country from the Dutch, used the fort as a local administrative center. In Colombo they established a major seaport, whereby the Galle harbor lost its outstanding importance.
Galle is the seat of the diocese of Galle.
On 26 December 2004 the city was hit by a tsunami, which claimed about 3900 deaths and severe damage caused here (see tsunami in South Asia 2004).
In Galle has a tropical rainy climate with high temperatures and ample precipitation throughout the year. The hottest is in March and April at about 31 ° C to 32 ° C during the day and 25 ° C to 27 ° C at night. The coldest is in December and January to 30 ° C during the day and 24 ° C at night. It falls all year round rain, most in April and November.
Bile is also affected by climate change, which has caused a huge increase in temperatures in particular here.
Street scene in Galle