Gallicano nel Lazio
Gallicano nel Lazio is an Italian commune in the province of Rome, in the Lazio region with 5823 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012). It is located 31 km east of Rome and borders the municipalities of Palestrina, Rome and Zagarolo.
The name derives probably from the noble Roman family of Gallicani and not from the Italian word for Gallo Hahn, who nevertheless became the emblem of the community.
Gallicano is situated on a long, narrow Tuffhügel between two river valleys on the south side of the Prenestini. It is a member of the Comunità Montana dei Castelli Romani e Prenestini.
The hill is on the Gallicano was probably inhabited in pre-Roman times. 417 BC it was incorporated into the Roman Empire. Gallicanus, consul under Constantine the Great had property here and is probably the namesake of the town, whose previous name is unknown. In the 10th century the place was secured, as appears from a deed in him Emperor Otto III. gave to the monastery of Sant'Andrea al Celio in Rome. In the 12th century Gallicano came to the Colonna family. 1622 sold them to the place of the Ludovisi, the 1670 to the Rospigliosi Pallavicini resell it. 1848 Gallicano fell to the Papal States, whose fate he shared from then.
Danilo Sordi was elected in May 2003 to the Mayor and confirmed in April 2008 in the Official.
Since 2004, the community is friends with free court in Hesse. Since 2011, the two municipalities are also twinned.
Coat of arms
On a blue shield a rooster in natural colors on a green floor. Top left is a six-pointed, silver star. It is a canting arms, because the name " Gallicano " vpm Latin " Gallus CanIt " ( the rooster crows ) is brought hither.
- The Palazzo Baronale was built over the remains of the destroyed in 1526 by papal troops Castello dei Colonna. It now houses the library and the historical archives of the municipality.
- The parish church of Sant'Andrea was founded before 1290 and rebuilt in 1732 on behalf of the Princess Vittoria Pallavicini Altieri.
- The San Rocco church was founded in 1628 as a gratitude that the plague, which was rife in Latium, had Gallicano spared.