Gardner Murphy

Gardner Murphy ( born July 8, 1895 in Chillicothe, Ohio, † 1979 in Washington, DC) was an American psychologist and parapsychologist.

Murphy was educated at the universities of Yale and Harvard and a Ph.D. from Columbia University, where he was professor of psychology later. In 1949 he was president of the Society for Psychical Research and in 1962 he became president of the American Society for Psychical Research. 1952 to 1965 he was research director of the Menninger Foundation.

1926 married Lois Barclay Murphy psychologist ( born March 23, 1902 in Lisbon, Iowa; † 24 December 2003). A survey of psychologists found that Gardner Murphy is considered by Sigmund Freud as the second most influential psychologist.


  • An historical introduction to modern psychology. London, New York, 1929.
  • Experimental Social Psychology ( with his wife, Lois Barclay Murphy). New York, London, 1931.
  • Approaches to personality. Some contemporary conceptions used in psychology with psychiatry (along with Frederick Jensen ). New York 1932.
  • General psychology. New York, London, 1933.
  • A briefer general psychology. New York, London, 1935.
  • Public opinion and the individual. A psychological study of student attitudes on public questions. With a retest five years later. New York, London 1938.
  • An introduction to psychology. New York 1951.
  • Weaving on a new loom. A UNESCO study of inter -group problems in India. In 1952.
  • In the minds of men. The study of human behavior and social tensions in India. New York 1953.
  • Human nature and enduring peace. , 1945.
  • Three papers on the problem- survival ( Reprints from the Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research. )
  • The challenge of psychical research. A primer of parapsychology (together with SM Solley ). In 1960.
  • William James and psychical research ( together with R. Ballou ). New York 1960.
  • Psychologist
  • Parapsychologist
  • University teachers (Columbia University)
  • Americans
  • Born in 1895
  • Died in 1979
  • Man
  • Member of the American Psychological Association