Garrincha at the World Cup 1962

Mane Garrincha [ mɐn'ɛ gar'ĩʃɐ ] (actually Manoel Francisco dos Santos, born October 28, 1933, Pau Grande, Magé, Rio de Janeiro, † January 20, 1983 in Rio de Janeiro) was a Brazilian football player and two-time world champions. In Brazil, he is next to Pelé as the greatest footballer of all time.


Manoel Francisco dos Santos was born in 1933 in the village of Pau Grande in Magé, a municipality in the northeast of Greater Rio de Janeiro. From birth, his spine was deformed, and his left leg was 6 cm shorter than his right. Their mobility was indeed the extent made ​​that he could run with it through numerous operations, but his left leg remained an O and an X - his right leg. This earned him the name " Garrincha " a, ( moreirae Oreophylax, a subspecies of wren ) for a Brazilian jungle bird. Other nicknames were " Mane " ( short form of Manoel, which is used in Brazil for the mentally disabled ) or " Alegria do Povo " ( joy of the people ).

In order to strengthen his legs, he began to play football, and developed it in childhood amazing abilities. Small in stature, his body focus was particularly low, which enabled him to turn quickly and movements. He used these skills perfect for dribbling on the right wing, where he often broke through, and then the ball to someone in a better position players. In parallel, he was a feared striker, who sought the rapid conclusion.

Less successful was his private life. Early on (supposedly the age of 10 ) he became an alcoholic, to suppress his pain, and was therefore involved in several car accidents. Particularly tragic was the collision with a truck in 1969; the accident was his own mother to the victim.

Garrincha was married twice. The first marriage to the factory worker Nair Marques held 13 years ( 1952-1965 ) and produced eight daughters. His second wife was the famous samba singer Elza Soares, whom he had already met at the soccer World Cup in 1962 and married in March 1966. In 1977 the divorce. Garrincha also had numerous affairs and fathered at least 14 children.

After its heyday in football it was quiet around him. From the Brazilian state he got paid a small pension, but his previous lifestyle could not cover. He died penniless and lonely age of 49 from cirrhosis caused by his years of alcoholism. At the funeral, he proved thousands of fans pay their last respects. His grave stone in the cemetery " Cemiterio Raiz da Serra " of Rio de Janeiro bears the inscription: Here rests in peace the one who was the joy of the people - Mane Garrincha.

In his birthplace of Pau Grande, the stadium of the local football clubs EC Pau Grande is named after him, the Estádio Mane Garrincha. It was in 1974, so even during his lifetime, opened in the Brazilian capital Brasília. This stadium offered until its demolition in 2010 45.000 spectators and was replaced by a new building on the same site with a capacity of 70 064 spectators. This should take place a few games of the World Cup 2014.


He began his football career at EC Pau Grande ( 1947-1953 ). He was not paid for his ball art, but she saved his job at the local textile factory when he was released there because of laziness. Even after his first trial with the Brazilian club Botafogo footed dribbler of 1953 received a professional contract in the state capital. With Botafago he won three championships, with renowned players such as Amarildo Zagallo, Didi and Nilton Santos stood by his side.

Garrincha played for the Brazilian national football team 1955-1966 in 50 international matches and scored twelve goals. He lost only one game - his last in the Football World Cup 1966 against Hungary with 1:3. He took a total of three World Cups ( 1958, 1962 and 1966) and in part 15 World Cup games. 1958 and 1962 he became world champion with Brazil. With two title wins, he played a decisive role. With the breach of Pele, he took over in 1962, the leading role in the Brazilian national team. In the same 1962 World Cup in Chile, he and five other players - Albert ( HUN), Ivanov (USSR), Jerković ( YUG ), Sánchez ( CHI) and Vavá (BRA ) - four-goal scorer.

International debut: September 18, 1955 against Chile in Rio de Janeiro. Countries farewell game: July 15, 1966 against Hungary (1:3) in Liverpool ( World Cup finals ). 1966 ended a meniscus surgery his career and Garrincha was in the legendary Maracana Stadium on December 19, 1973 his farewell game.


Garrincha played 581 games at Botafogo Rio de Janeiro and shot 232 goals.

Its heyday ended before the World Cup 1966. He played too often and his tendons and ligaments holding the permanent load was not. When he left in 1965 to operate again, the damage was done beyond repair. Nevertheless, he took part in the following year at the World Cup, but was unable to repeat his usual performance. As a football hero worshiped, he was active until 1972 in professional football, most recently in Colombia.

He was not only a highly talented football technicians, but also has self- invented tricks that were named after him, the Garrincha Garrincha and the double scissors.