Gate (also output ), often English Gate, is the area in airports, way of which the passengers to check-in and security control from the air terminal to or directly into the aircraft. The individual gates usually have an advance waiting area and are usually named with numbers and letter combinations, such as gate / output / Gate B03. Occasionally, the building ( parts ) are in which you have multiple outputs, collectively referred to as Pier ( then engl. Concourse ) refers.
After entering the respective terminals give the passengers at the check -in counter their airline on presentation of identity documents and, if necessary, of the ticket, the luggage on. You will then receive their boarding pass with seat and gate number and proof that the checked baggage. The gates are fitted depending on the intended use, with or without security and identity checks. The passengers can wait in a waiting area at the gate to their departure for international flights and shopping duty free ( engl. duty-free ). At the output place after the call for boarding ( engl boarding the aircraft ) the control of the board cards instead. This will ensure that the passenger and baggage take the right flight.
Passengers then pass three ways to the aircraft:
- If an airplane parked at the terminal building, it can be connected to a movable arm ( passenger boarding bridge or short fingers) with the terminal. Through this passage, passengers directly from the holding area to their plane and vice versa after the arrival of the aircraft in the arrivals area and baggage claim. The finger is moved after the parking of an operator with the help of a hydraulic control of the front door of the aircraft. Larger airports have on a pier and several fingers that allow for wide-body aircraft that passengers board the plane simultaneously through several doors.
- In the second variant the output consists of simple doors that open out to the apron. Airline passengers pass through these doors to a ramp bus that takes them to the aircraft. This avoids that the passengers go walking across the apron to their aircraft which is parked a few hundred meters from the terminal building removed under certain circumstances. In this case, the passengers board the plane on aircraft owned or driven approach stairs (English gangway ).
- In particular, at small airports and low cost, it also happens that passengers from the pier on foot - usually on a closed off road - go to the aircraft. This saves the airline charges for passenger boarding bridge and bus.