Gatineau is a city in Canada. It lies in the western part of the province of Quebec on ​​the Ottawa River ( Rivière des Outaouais French ) and is one of 265 349 inhabitants. The capital of the administrative region Outaouais is after Montreal, Quebec City and Laval 's fourth-largest city in the province.

Just south of Gatineau - only by the Ottawa River, separated from each other - is the Canadian capital Ottawa. Both cities together form the Metropolitan Region ( Census Metropolitan Area ) "Ottawa - Gatineau ", which covers an area of ​​6287 km ² and has a total of 1.24 million inhabitants. "Ottawa - Gatineau ", also known as the National Capital Region, is it the fourth largest Census Metropolitan Area in Canada ( Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver ) and the only one whose area over two provinces distributed (Ontario, Quebec ).

  • 3.1 Economics
  • 3.2 Education

Merger in 2002

Gatineau was founded on 1 January 2002 by merging the municipalities Hull, Gatineau, Buckingham, Aylmer and Masson -Angers. The initiated by the then provincial government of Quebec municipal mergers ( the so-called amalgamations ) were carried out with the aim to unite richer suburbs and cities, and the mostly poorer urban areas again. Criticism it was therefore mainly from both English-speaking residents as well as by wealthier suburban residents. In the course of amalgamations went into the province of Quebec about 200 cities and municipalities in the other, newly formed cities.

Although it has been favored in opinion polls, " Hull- Gatineau " by a majority of the citizens, as historically in Hull 's first urban settlement patterns had developed and Gatineau constituted the largest population, " Gatineau " was chosen as the name for the new city. On the one hand, the name should sound French, on the other hand, there were in the town area already some geographically distinct points, the Gatineau in itself contributed (eg Gatineau Park, Gatineau Hills, Gatineau River).

Social Spatial Structure

The urban area of ​​Gatineau covers an area of 342 km ² and is divided into 17 districts, of which seven and in the area of the (old ) Gatineau, five in the area of Hull, three in Aylmer and one each in Masson -Angers Buckingham are. The former Gatineau counts 111 069 inhabitants, 72 160 Hull, Aylmer 42,992, Masson -Angers and Buckingham 11,269 11,884.


( Area as at 1st January 2002)

Economy and infrastructure


Due to the closer of the City of Ottawa, several agencies and ministries have their headquarters in Gatineau. Among the Canadian International Development Agency, Environment Canada, Public Works and Government Services Canada, Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Transportation Safety Board of Canada, and the Human Resources and Skills Development Canada.


In the city there is a campus of the Université du Québec, at the approximately 6,000 students who are enrolled in 14 departments in bachelor or master degree programs. There are also two private junior colleges which are located on campus. In addition, operates the National Autonomous University of Mexico ( UNAM), a campus in Gatineau.

Gatineau has several urban elementary schools and high schools that lead up to class 12. In some French is the language of instruction in other English. There are also private schools that lead to completion of 12th grade high school. All schools are under the supervision of the Western Quebec School Board.

Culture and sights

In Gatineau is the Canadian Museum of Civilization, one of the largest museums in Canada. In about 20 km lies the Gatineau Satellite Station, but on the territory of the municipality Cantley.


The Gatineau- Ottawa Executive Airport is the local airport of the city, operating on the predominantly smaller passenger aircraft. The airport connects Gatineau with major airports in Montreal and Quebec. The nearest major airports are the Ottawa Macdonald- Cartier International Airport and Montréal- Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport.

In Gatineau buses of the local public transport company OC Transpo in Ottawa, as well as Société de transport de l' Outaouais from Gatineau.

There are several main roads and motorways leading past Gatineau. Major highway routes are the Ontario Highway 417, Quebec Autoroute 50 This connects the region with Montreal.

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Daniel Lanois ( born 1951 ), musician and music producer
  • Michel Larocque (1952-1992), professional ice hockey goaltender
  • Denis Savard ( born 1961 ), ice hockey player and coach and member of the Hockey Hall of Fame
  • Isabelle Duchesnay ( born 1963 ), figure skater
  • Claude Lemieux (born 1965 ), ice hockey player
  • Stéphane Richer (born 1966 ), ice hockey player and coach
  • François Guay ( born 1968 ), ice hockey player
  • Dominic Roussel (born 1970 ), professional ice hockey goaltender
  • Éric Landry ( born 1975 ), ice hockey player and coach
  • Daniel Brière ( born 1977 ), ice hockey player
  • Pierre -Alexandre Parenteau (* 1983), ice hockey player
  • Alexandre Picard ( born 1985 ), ice hockey player
  • Derick Brassard (* 1987), ice hockey player