Geelong is a port city with about 160,000 inhabitants in the Australian state of Victoria member. It is the second largest city in the state and the center of the City administrative area of Greater Geelong.
Geelong is located on the western end of Port Phillip Bay, which is called in this part of Corio Bay, approximately 75 kilometers south-west of Melbourne. The city center is located between the Bay and the Barwon River. A small hill obstructs the flow path in the Port Phillip Bay, which is why it flows south-east of the city in the Bass Strait. From the city to the open sea is around 20 kilometers. East of Geelong Bellarine Peninsula is the. A little south of the famous Great Ocean Road begins with several resorts and attractions such as the Twelve Apostles. Geelong is a regional center of a rural region.
The city's name comes from the word Jillong, the Aborigines called the bay by.
Before the 1830s only a few Europeans explored the area. On February 1, 1802 was the first time a British boat in Port Phillip Bay on the go. In March 1836 the first settlers in the area of Geelong settled. 1838 were already living 545 people in Geelong. The place at that time had a church, a hotel, a shop and a wool store. Since 1841 wool was exported from Geelong to England. At the time, regularly frequented a steamer to Melbourne and a newspaper was published.
When gold was discovered in Ballarat, also benefited from Geelong Gold Rush 90 km north-west and grew to a similar size as Melbourne. When the gold rush was over, the wool was the main source of income of the city. From the 1920s, several industrial firms established themselves locally.
Among the major employers in town include a refinery, an aluminum plant and a car factory of Ford, but wird.Vorlage expected to cease production in 2016: Future / In 2 years in the seaside town of Torquay Surf equipment and dresses are made. Area lives to a large extent on agriculture and on the coast from tourism.
About the Princes Highway can be reached in about an hour Melbourne. That is not even 20 kilometers northeast of the city of Avalon Airport. The airport is used only since 2004 for passenger flights, in particular of low cost airlines. Over several railways in the industrial port of Geelong is connected to the hinterland in the south-western Victoria.
Geelong is the location of Deakin University.
Education & Research
The government research agency CSIRO operates three major research institutions in Geelong, the Australian Animal Health Laboratory in the suburb of East Geelong, CSIRO Division of Textiles and Fibres Technology in the suburb of Belmont and the Marine and Freshwater Resources Institute at Queenscliff suburb. Geelong is one of the sites of Deakin University.
The main attractions in the city include the Botanic Garden and the National Wool Museum. Housed in an old wool store museum explains the importance of wool in the history of the city. In addition, Geelong is the starting point to the coast and the beaches in western Victoria.
- East Timor Viqueque, East Timor
The Geelong College Prep Newtown has the primary school in Sama Lio ( Loi - Huno ) in the district of Viqueque a partner school.
In the fall of 2010, the wheel of the UCI Road World Championships took place in Geelong. Although the UCI Road World Championships 2010, Melbourne's name in their name, found all target driveways held in Geelong.
In February 2006, Geelong hosted the " Rescue", the World Cup in lifesaving, which every two years by the International Life Saving Federation (ILS ) is organized.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Kate Allen, Austrian triathlete and Olympic champion
- Chrissy Amphlett, singer and songwriter
- Bertram Armytage, polar explorer
- Russell Boyd, Cinematographer
- Joey Didulica, Croatian football player
- Emma Hewitt, vocalist and songwriter
- Portia de Rossi, actress
- Matthew Spiranovic, football player
- Caitlin Stasey, Actress
- Rebecca Wiasak, cyclist