Georg Dehio (born 10 Novemberjul / November 22 1850greg in Reval, .. † March 19, 1932 in Tübingen ) was a German art historian. He is regarded as crucial for the perception of art and was extremely influential on the concepts of the modern historic preservation.
Georg Dehio studied in Dorpat and Göttingen, where he received his doctorate at Georg Waitz. In the aftermath of the historian concentrated his work on the German and European art history. In 1883 he began his teaching career at the Albertus University of Königsberg and at the local art academy. In Königsberg in 1888, his son Louis Dehio was born. In 1892 he was then appointed to the Art History Institute in Strasbourg, where he worked as a professor until 1919.
Dehio turned around in 1900, Alois Riegl like, against the usual in the 19th century purifizierenden continued construction of historic monuments (such as Gothic cathedrals ). He castigated the so necessary associated damage restoration as vandalism, to saw the slogan " Conserve, not restoration! " Committed and placed on the demand, old and new, should be distinguished recognizable in the case of additions. Dehio acted so decisively to the currently dominant conceptions of preservation one, as they were codified as in the Charter of Venice.
Georg Dehio represented in his later years a strongly nationalistic point of view of art history. He died in 1932 at the age of 81 years in Tübingen and was buried at the local municipal cemetery in the university district.
He was married to Charlotte since 1884 Friedländer ( 1859-1932 ), daughter of the philologist and archaeologist Ludwig Friedländer ( 1824-1909 ).
His son was the historian and archivist Dehio Ludwig ( 1888-1963 ). His daughter Catherine (1885-1974) married the archaeologist August Frick House ( 1882-1925 ).
His cousin was the internist and rector of the University of Dorpat Karl Dehio. His niece Dora Dehio is the mother of the biologists Erich von Holst, founding director of the Max Planck Institute for Behavioral Physiology.
At the suggestion Dehio of 1900, held in Dresden Day on Monuments and decided to publish a handbook of German art monuments. The first band was present in September 1905. Since 1929, the Dehio appears in the German art publisher. To this day, even beyond the division of Germany of time, appear revisions of the volumes of the " Dehio " at longer intervals.
For scientific continuation of the manual Dehio community provides. Since 2001, the manual is supported by an editorial board composed of the Dehio Association, the Association of conservation authorities in the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Foundation for Monument Protection. The Foundation for Monument Protection, the editors have set up a joint office.
In Austria the Dehio is published by the Federal Monuments Office since 1933.
Awards and honors
Writings (selection )
- History of the Archdiocese of Hamburg -Bremen. Habilitation thesis in 1876.
- History of the church architecture of the West. together with Gustav von Bezold 1884-1899.
- Handbook of German art monuments. 5 vols 1905-1912 (1st ed.)
- Art History essays. Munich / Berlin, 1914.
- History of German art. From 1919 to 1925.