Georg Friedrich Creuzer

Georg Friedrich Creuzer ( born March 10, 1771 in Marburg, † February 16, 1858 in Heidelberg ) was a German philologist, orientalist and mythologist.


Creuzer, Dr. phil. Dr. theol., Was a professor of classical philology in Marburg, Leiden and Heidelberg, a personal friend of Goethe and Clemens Brentano and in 1804 romantically involved with Caroline of Günderrode, then after Creuzer she left abruptly again, took his own life in 1806.

Creuzer founded in 1808 with Carl Daub the Heidel Bergische yearbooks. His most famous work was symbolism and mythology of ancient peoples, especially the Greeks (1812 ), in which he accepted the mythology of Homer and Hesiod early oriental source. Of these, among others, were influenced Hegel, Schelling and Johann Jakob Bachofen. In 1825 he was appointed foreign member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres. 1835, named after Creuzer Antiquarium archaeological collection was donated Creuzerianum that worked in the Archaeological Collection of the University of Heidelberg in 1848. In 1853 he was awarded the Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art.

From Creuzer exists a medal in silver and bronze (1844, 41 mm) to the 40- year anniversary of his arrival on April 4, 1804 in Heidelberg. The medal was Ludwig tile ..

His older brother was the Marburg theologian Andreas Leonhard Creuzer.

Works (selection)

  • Symbolism and mythology of ancient peoples, especially the Greeks, 1812 ( digitized: Part 3, Part 4, Issue 1821, Part 1, Edition 1836)
  • Meletemata e disciplina antiquitatis, 1817 ( digitized )
  • Oratio de Civitate Athenarum omnis humanitatis parente, 1826 ( digitized )
  • A old Athenian vessel with painting and inscription, 1832 ( digitized )
  • On the history of ancient Roman culture in the Upper Rhine and Neckar, 1833 ( digitized )
  • The story of an old professor, 1848 ( digitized )
  • On the history of classical philology since the restoration of literature, 1854 ( digitized )
  • The History of Greek and Roman literature. Treatises, 1854 ( digitized )


  • With Carl Daub: Studies ( digitized Vol 3)