Georg Kaibel

Georg Kaibel ( born October 30, 1849 in Lübeck, † October 12, 1901 in Göttingen ) was a German classical scholar, was a professor in Breslau ( 1879-1882 ), Rostock ( 1882-1883 ), Greifswald ( 1883-1886 ), Strasbourg (1886-1897) and Göttingen (1897-1901) worked. His work on Greek inscriptions and his critical text editions were a basis for the source work of Classical Philology of the 20th century.


Kaibel visited the Katharineum Lübeck, and studied classical philology from 1868 to 1872, first at Göttingen from 1869 in Bonn. There Usener Hermann and Franz Bücheler were his teachers. Even in the early period of study Kaibel came to his later specialty, Greek epigraphy. He won Usener price task, which aimed at the collection of inscriptions preserved Greek poems. Parts of it he used for his dissertation De monumentorum aliquot Graecorum carminibus with which he 1871 Dr. phil. received his doctorate. In 1872 he passed the first state exam for teaching in secondary schools. As a scholarship holder of the German Archaeological Institute Kaibel stayed from 1872 to 1874 in Rome, where he completed friendship with Theodor Mommsen. With his close friend Ulrich von Wilamowitz- Moellendorff he undertook in 1873 a trip to Greece. After his studies in Rome, he graduated in 1874 in Elberfeld his probationary year as a teacher and was from 1875 to 1878 teacher at the high school Askanische in Berlin.

Kaibels research enabled him in 1878 Habilitation in Göttingen. In 1879 he was an associate professor of classical philology at the University of Breslau, where he Adelheid Schadow (* 1858, † after 1935 ) in 1880 married. The couple had two daughters: Else Marie (1892-1966) and Agnes. 1882 followed Kaibel a reputation as a full professor in Rostock and was Associate Editor of Hermes. In 1883, he became the successor of his friend Wilamowitz to the University of Greifswald. In 1886 he went to Strasbourg, 1897, on the recommendation of Wilamowitz as his successor to Göttingen, where he was elected a full member of the Society of Sciences. When his successor in Strasbourg Erwin Rohde was initially provided, however rejected the call. On Winckelmannstag 1899 Kaibel was appointed a full member of the German Archaeological Institute.

On October 12, 1901 Kaibel died following a lengthy gastric cancer disease. He was buried on 15 October.

Political scientist Peter of Oertzen (1924-2008), son of Friedrich Wilhelm von Oertzen and Else Marie born Kaibel, was his grandson.


Besides some minor work to Kaibels research focused on three fields of Greek epigrams and epigraphy, the " Second Sophistic " and the Greek comedy.

Its been started while studying collective activity of Greek Grabepigramme brought the issue to date authoritative in this field out: Epigrammata Graeca ex lapidibus conlecta (1878 ) and Supplementum epigrammatum Graecorum ex lapidibus conlectorum (published in Rheinische Museum of Philology NF 34, 1879). After a number of smaller individual publications he contributed to the excited by Mommsen large output of Inscriptiones Graecae with the Inscriptiones Italiae et Siciliae (IG XIV, 1890). He added also Mommsen's edition of the Res Gestae Divi Augusti inscriptions ex Monumentis Ancyrano et Apolloniensi ( 1883), a linguistic explanation of the Greek part.

In the field of so-called " Second Sophistic " he provided numerous critical editions: Dionysius of Halicarnassus (1885), which to this day unsurpassed Edition of Athenaeus of Naucratis the Deipnosophistai ( in the Bibliotheca Teubneriana, 1886-90 ), Galen Protreptikos (1894 ), Cassius Longinus (1899 ) and Phrynichus (1899 ).

Together with Wilamowitz in 1891 he gave the newly found on papyrus Athenaion politeia out of Aristotle ( Volume 1 and 2, 1891, Volume 3 1898). Already in 1891 there appeared a German translation of the work of Kaibel and Adolph Kiessling. 1893 Kaibel sat apart in an essay with linguistic and stylistic phenomena of the work.

The Research about the Greek comedy enriched Kaibel to his work on the poetarum Comicorum Graecorum Fragmenta 1890 under Wilamowitz 'Project a collection of fragments of all the Greek poets. Kaibel himself experienced only the completion of the first volume (1899 ). He also provided numerous articles in the field of comedy for the first four volumes edited by Georg Wissowa Realencyclopädie of classical archeology ( 1894-1901 ). Even in later published volumes found its work Kaibels. Of the articles especially about Aristophanes is mentioned. In addition, Kaibel employed with the tragedies Electra and Antigone of Sophocles: the first he published an annotated edition in 1896, the second he treated in an essay of 1897.