George Phillips Bond
George Phillips Bond ( born May 20, 1825 Dorchester, Massachusetts, † February 17, 1865 in Cambridge, Massachusetts ) was an American astronomer. He was the son of the astronomer William Cranch Bond.
He graduated in 1845 at Harvard University, and was then an assistant to his father at the observatory. From 1859 until his death in 1865, he served as his father's successor director of the Harvard College Observatory. His cousin Edward Singleton Holden was the first director of Lick Observatory.
In 1848 he was one of the discoverers of Saturn's moon Hyperion. He was the founder of the photographic photometry. He, his father and the photographer of the Massachusetts General Hospital John Adams Whipple created in 1850 the first photographic recording of a star: on the night of 16th to July 17th 1850 they took on a 100 -second Daguerre recording of the star Vega. In addition, Bond discovered several comets and calculated their orbits. Further research related to the planet Saturn and the Orion Nebula.
In 1865 he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society.
He died of complications from tuberculosis.
The lunar crater G. Bond is named after him.
- Zone catalog of 4484 stars situated in between 0 deg 20 ' and 0 ° 40' north declination -observed falling on the years 1854-55. Annals of Harvard College Observatory 2 ( 1857) 2-2257
- Photographical Experiments on the position of stars. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 17 ( 1857) 230
- On the relative brightness of the sun and moon, 1861.
- On the Spiral Structure of the Great Nebula of Orion. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 21 (1861 ) 203-207.
- Observations upon the Great Nebula of Orion. Annals of the Harvard College Observatory 5 (1867 ) 1-22.