Georges Duby

Georges Duby ( October 7, 1919 in Paris, † December 3, 1996 in Aix -en- Provence) was a French historian of the Annales school.

Duby taught 1950/51 in Besancon and from 1951 to 1970 at the University of Aix -Marseille. In 1970 he moved to the Collège de France. Duby worked with in the journal Annales, which was founded in 1929 by Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch, was a member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres and the Académie française in 1987 ( fauteuil 26). In 1977 he became a foreign member of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei in Rome.

His research dealt with the Middle Ages ( Medieval Studies ), in particular its economic and social structure. Its socio-historical approach assumes that people act within social structures that shape their actions at least, often even set. He was interested in long-term developments, in which he embedding individual historical events and people. His approach thus differs from the approach of historicism, as it was customary before him, the ' men make history ' with the subject can be identified.

Writings (selection )


  • Warriors and peasants. The development of the medieval economy and society up to 1200 ( " Guerriers et paysans. VII -XII siècle "). Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt / M. 1984, ISBN 3-518-28054-6.
  • Ritter, wife and priest. The marriage in feudal France ( " Le chevalier, la femme et le PRETR. Le mariage dans la France féodale "). Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt / M. 1986, ISBN 3-518-57724-7.
  • Reality and dream to courtly culture of the Middle Ages. Verlag Klaus Wagenbach, Berlin 1986, ISBN 3-8031-3531-1.
  • The three orders. The world view of feudalism ( " Les trois ou l' imaginaire ordres you féodalisme "). Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt / M. 1986, ISBN 3-518-28196-8.
  • The Woman without a voice. Love and Marriage in the Middle Ages. Wagenbach Verlag, Berlin 1989, ISBN 3-8031-5113-9.
  • St. Bernard and the art of Cistercians ( " Saint Bernard, l'art cistercien "). S. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt / M. 1993, ISBN 3-596-10727- X.
  • Art and Society in the Middle Ages ( " Le moyen age "). Wagenbach Verlag, Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-8031-1176-5.
  • The time of the cathedrals. Art and Society 980-1420 ( " Le temps des cathédrales "). Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt / M. 2002, ISBN 3-518-28611-0.
  • The world of the Mediterranean. On the history and geography of cultural forms of life ( " La méditerranée "). Fischer, Frankfurt / M. 2006, ISBN 3-596-16853-8.

Editorial Boards

  • History of Private Life ( "Histoire de la vie privée "). S. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt / M. 1994 ff
  • Michelle Perrot history of women. Zweitausendeins -Verlag, Frankfurt / M. 2006, ISBN 3-86150-775-7 (5 vols )