Geraldine Anne Ferraro ( born August 26, 1935 in Newburgh, Orange County, New York, † March 26, 2011 in Boston, Massachusetts) was an American politician of the Democratic Party and Member of the House of Representatives of the United States. She was the first female candidate of a major U.S. party for the vice-presidency in the U.S. election in 1984.
Geraldine Ferraro, who was of Italian descent, attended by 1952 the Marymount School in Tarrytown. The Marymount College in New York City, she left in 1956 with a Bachelor of Arts. At the Law School of Fordham University in New York in 1960 of her degree awarded as a Juris Doctor. From 1974 to 1978 she was a teacher, lawyer and member of the Attorney offices in Queens County.
Ferraro was elected in 1978 for the Democrats in the 9th Congressional District of New York in the U.S. House of Representatives. With the two-time re-election took their term of office from 3 January 1979 to 3 January 1985. It belonged to the committees for public duties (Public Works Committee), Finance (Budget Committee ) and Post (Post Office Committee) to.
In advance of the presidential election in 1984, she chose the former vice president Walter Mondale as his running mate for the office of Vice- President, while he ran for president. Although it was not the first candidate for the Vice Presidency, since 1884 already Marietta Stow had applied for the post, but the first candidate of a major party. The good poll numbers, which received Mondale, when he chose, did not stop until November, and they were in a landslide by the then incumbents, President Ronald Reagan and Vice President George Bush, defeated.
After the defeat of 1984, she led two unsuccessful campaigns in order to become a member of the U.S. Senate, but was in neither case their party's nomination to run for president: In 1992, she was defeated Robert Abrams just with around 10,000 votes difference what the overall result a residue of one percentage point meant; In 1998, she then lost significantly against Charles Schumer. In the years 1988-1992 she was a Fellow of the Institute of Politics of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. During the presidency of Bill Clinton, she was from 1993 to 1996 permanent member of the UN Human Rights Commission. She was President of the International Institute for Women 's Political Leadership.
During the presidential campaign, 2008, she resigned as a member of the campaign team of Hillary Clinton, after she had made about Barack Obama's statement that he would only stand where he stands because he was a man who was not white.
Ferraro has published several books, the first was her autobiography Ferraro: My Story of the 1985 In her second book Changing History:. Women, Power and Politics, she has published in 1993 a collection of her speeches. 1998 under the title Framing a Life: A Family Memoir described her immigrant mother's life story.
Ferraro was married to the real estate agent John Zaccaro, and had with him three children. She died of bone cancer.
In a statement, President Barack Obama paid tribute to Ferraro's struggle for equal rights for women. Your career and their ideals it is thanks to them that his daughters, Sasha and Malia growths in a fairer country.
On the occasion of the failure of Mondale and Ferraro in the presidential election she said: