German Music Archive
The German Music Archive ( DMA ) of the German National Library ( DNB) in Leipzig is the central gathering place for published sheet music and recorded music in Germany. It is also the center of bibliographic information in Germany.
The German Music Archive collects grade materials and sound recordings and makes them available for use. Basis of the collection are the releases German touch publishers and labels. His work is part of the order of the German National Library, " to collect media works [ ... ] in the original, to inventory, to open up and bibliographic recorded, to secure the long term and to make the general public available and to provide central library and national bibliographic services ".
The German Music Archive is since moving to Leipzig in 2010, led by the Director of the German National Library in Leipzig, Michael Fernau.
The German Music Archives on January 1, 1970 in Berlin ( district Lankwitz ) as a division of the German Library (based in Frankfurt am Main ) was founded. By merging the German National Library and the German Library (Leipzig) in 1990 to a collective organization, the German Music Archive is now a division of the German National Library in Leipzig.
At its founding in 1970, the German Music Archives took over the holdings of the German Music Sound Archives ( 1961-1969 ). It continued its activity, but could be of further development based on the so-called legal deposit of music and sound recordings by their producers. With the entry into force of the First Ordinance on the mandatory submission of music notes and music records on the German music archives of the German Library ( 1 Pflichtstück order music) of 6 June 1973 on 15 June 1973 ( BG Bl I, p 519) also music publishers and record companies are obliged to leave two deposit copies of each of their publications of the German National library for archiving and use. According to the Unification Treaty (Annex I Section II B II, Appendix I, Chapter II, Subject B - Administration; Section II ) of 31 August 1990 and formulated in amending the Act on the German Library ( 1969 ) is: " From each printing unit [ ... ], which laid in the application of this law [ ... ] is made, is a piece of each ( compulsory piece ) to the German library and deliver the German library. "
In the Unification Treaty were the German Library ( Leipzig) and merged the German Library (Frankfurt am Main). They were renamed under the name The German Library, since 2006 bears the establishment of the name German National Library. The seat of the German Music Archive remained until 2010 Berlin. Since then, the department is established in Leipzig, where she received the highest technical level after completion of the local fourth extension new Work and storage areas, the new music reading room, the Hörkabine with surround system and the sound studio complex. Formed by then recordings from 1970 and music from 1973 to the focus of the collection, as well as the music and sound recording holdings of the German Library were (from 1943) and music transferred (from 1935) in the collection of the German Music Archive with the move to Leipzig.
The sound recording collection goes back to the beginnings of recorded music production in the 19th century. It thus includes - in addition to modern digital recordings - even shellac records, phonograph cylinders and piano rolls. While these materials are mainly from collectors estates and acquisitions, the collection and development of media of the 1960s and 1970s as part of the current collection activities including occurred (especially by maintaining the required copies ) of the German Music Archive and the now merged in him archives ( the music and sound collection of the German Library ). According to § § 14 et seq of the Law regarding the German National Library ( DNBG ) are obliged to music publishers and record companies with their seat, place of business or principal residence in Germany for delivery of one or two copies deposited at the German National Library, and thus to the DMA. Since 1993, one such copy for archiving and use of the Frankfurt House of the German National Library is passed. For incorporeal media works ( online publications ) an appropriate delivery obligation shall apply to those individuals and entities that are entitled to public accessibility of the works.
In 1991, the holdings of the Music Information Centre of the Union of Composers and Musicologists of the GDR were taken. They provide a comprehensive overview over forty years of music history of the GDR and include approximately 10,000 sound recordings, 1,000 notes, a 36,000 documents comprehensive work file ( compositions in conjunction with programs, press releases, reviews and analyzes) as well as a photo archive with recordings of composers and performers.
Since July 2000, the German Music Archive gathering place of the GEMA notes. Music publishers rich since their printed copy in the course of a business application exclusively at the German Music Archive, but no longer with GEMA. The collected until 2000 GEMA notes (210,000 ) are now preserved in the German Music Archive.
End of 2011, the DMA over 1,739,295 media, of which 952 165 787 130 music recordings and music (including GEMA inventory and rental equipment ). From the music recordings account for 479 237 on opto - electronic media ( CDs, DVDs, SACDs ), 335 656 on vinyl records and other analog media ( LPs, singles, compact cassettes ) and 137 272 on historical music recordings ( shellac discs, rolls and piano rolls, etc.).
To use the German Music Archive, a library card the German National Library is necessary. Users of the German National Library must be at least 18 years.
Against the background that the German National Library acts as an archive for backup and Preservation of Cultural Heritage, the stocks of the German Music Archive are provided solely for use in the house. Available for this purpose the Music reading room of the German Music Archive and a listening studio. The German Music Archive thus operates according to the principles of a reference library. Individual articles or chapters can also be ordered for a fee as a ( digital ) copy. In the Music reading room are 18 audio workstations available. The Hörkabine is equipped with a surround sound system. Among the facilities of the Music Reading Room also at 4 jobs include keyboards play scores. In the Music Reading Room current music magazines are designed and it is a handset of relevant literature. All stocks of the German National Library are available at the Music reading room. You are to search through the catalog of the German National Library and to order. Stocks from 1993 are also provided in Frankfurt's House of the German National Library.
In addition, the music library offers other musikbibliografische services. For research purposes and as a cataloging tool to the common standard file is available with personal names, bodies and titles of works of music. By 2012, the DMA operation, the uniform title file of the German Music Archive, which merged in the common authority file on 19 April 2012. In addition, the German Music Archive has built a database of musical Leihmaterialien, the Bonn catalog, which is updated in the catalog of the German National Library.
In the foyer of the Music reading room exhibits such as sound recordings, sheet music and audio players are issued, trace the major stations of the products of the music industry.
Regular tours are offered by the DMA.