Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest
This article deals with the history of Germany as a participant in the Euro Vision Song Contest.
Regularity of participation
Germany takes part since the first Euro Vision Song Contest 1956 in the competition and has every year since filed a contribution. The only final round without German participation was in 1996, when the singer Leon did not survive the qualifying round. Germany is one of the Great introduced in 1997 - Big Four, later Big Five ( Germany, France, Great Britain, Spain, Italy) - and thus has a guaranteed final place.
Success in competition
Germany has been the Euro Vision Song Contest win twice, in 1982 with singer Nicole and the contribution A little peace, which was composed by Ralph Siegel and in 2010, with Lena Meyer -Landrut Satellite and written by Julie Frost and John Gordon. Four German contributions reached the second place ( 1980, 1981, 1985 and 1987), five posts in third place (1970, 1971, 1972, 1994 and 1999). A total reached 35 of the 57 posts a placement in the top ten, with the rankings from 1956 are not known and such placement does not necessarily reflect a good placement in the early years of the competition. Taking into account the number of participants of the respective vintages, so landed 31 posts, thus the majority in the "first half".
On the other hand, reached Germany five times the last place (1964, 1965, 1974, 1995 and 2005 ), 1964 and 1965, even with zero points. It should be noted that the last places in 1964, 1965 and 1974 respectively divided with three other countries and the third from last place in 2008 was also reached on points with the two last placed. Since 2004, the semi-finals as pre-qualification, but Germany will start directly in the final, thus represents the result of any comparison to the retired in the semifinals contributions dar.
Many German contributions were national hits. Overall, scored 39 of the 48 posts since 1960 ( since reliable information is available), the German single charts, including twelve Top 10 hits, of which six first place reached ( Two little Italians in 1962, Genghis Khan in 1979, a little peace 1982 Can not Wait Until Tonight 2004 No No Never in 2006 and Satellite 2010). Two little Italians by Conny Froboess is currently the German competition entry, which sold the most. In second place with Texas Lightning No No Never follows.
The first German winner of the competition, a little peace was also an international bestseller and reached in several countries the first place in the charts, including the UK and Ireland. The winning entry in 2010, Satellite, took first place as well as in several other countries, Top - 10 finishes in Denmark, Germany, Finland, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland.
Other German posts were successful in the neighboring German-speaking countries, such as Can not Wait Until Tonight, which reached the second place in Austria and No No Never, which reached the Top 10 in both Switzerland and Austria.
Linguistically, Germany was divided into three cases, a pioneer in the competition: 1957, to the first post, in non- official languages contained some words (some greeting words while Margot Hielscher's telephone conversation ), 1960 the first country with a song title in a foreign language ( Bonne nuit, ma Chérie ) and 1961 the first country to let sing a whole chorus of his contribution in a foreign language ( Lale Andersen sang the last chorus of Once we meet again in French). On other occasions was German mixed with other languages , mostly English ( 1975, 1976, 2000, 2001 and 2007, and the unqualified Post 1996) and 2004 Turkish and 1999 with English, Turkish and Hebrew.
Many German contributions were taken in other languages , most of them in English. Nicole took her winning titles in 1982 and seven other some mixed versions on, which is a record for a winning title. Other contributions have been included in other languages, sang, among others, the three Scandinavians Siw Malmkvist, Wenche Myhre and Gitte their contributions in their national languages Swedish, Norwegian and Danish one. Two posts were even sung by the original artists in Japanese, namely Freddy Quinn's how it is every night in 1956 and Katja Ebsteins wonder there are always 1970.
In most cases, the German contributions in preliminary decisions have been chosen that contributed a song ( followed by the name of the host city ) for ... up to and including the 1992 title. 1959, 1966-1968, 1974, 1977, 1993-1995 and 2009, the German contributions of the ARD were selected without public vote, 1978, the preliminary round was held only on the radio.
By 1971 and 1973 to 1977 Hessischer Rundfunk led by the national qualifying round or the direct nominations, in 1972 and 1991 it was the Sender Freies Berlin, 1978, the Southwest Radio from 1979 to 1990, the Bayerischer Rundfunk from 1992 to 1995, the Central German Broadcasting, since it is the North German radio. From 2010 to 2012, a private channel was involved in the search for the German contribution through a collaboration with the NDR, ProSieben for the first time.
List of posts
Color legend: - Victories. - A tie to the last place. - Contributions finals.
List of commentators
- 2005 Germany received in the final round exactly 4 points, 2 from Monaco and 2 from Moldova. These two countries were the only ones who have not matched by televoting, but by jury. Moldova, the first time in 2005 participated since never forgave again points to Germany, not in the victory of 2010.
- In 2008, Germany got only two countries points ( from Bulgaria and 12 from Switzerland 2). Has the exceptionally high score from Bulgaria its ground with a high probability in the fact that No Angels singer Lucy Diakovska comes from this country and there is very well known.
- Germany awarded since 1975 on average the most points to Turkey ( 9.8 ). Since the introduction of televoting Germany has given 10 or 12 points of Turkey every time - with four exceptions: 2012 forgave Germany 8, 2001 7 0 and 2002 points to Turkey. 2011 was an awarding points not possible, since Turkey was eliminated in the semifinals.
- The most points since 1975 Germany received an average of Switzerland, namely 7.3.
- 1982, in the first victory, Germany received from 14 of the 17 other countries 12, 10 or 8 points. Only from neighboring countries Luxembourg, Austria and the Netherlands, there were 0, 1 and 6 points.