47.69757.9336111111111865Koordinaten: 47 ° 41 ' 51 " N, 7 ° 56 ' 1" O
Gersbach is a nationally recognized resort and district of Schopfheim.
- 3.1 Education
- 3.2 Structures
- 3.3 Agriculture and direct marketing
- 3.4 Forests
- 3.5 Tourism
Gersbach is located in a mountain valley basin open to the south of the eponymous creek in the Black Forest at an altitude of 800-1170 m above sea level. The spatial distance to the old town Schopfheims is 16 miles and 600 vertical meters. The formerly independent village, together with the six associated hamlets ( scraps Bach, Gersbach - Au, hole mill Metteln, Neuhaus, and Schlechtbach ) on an area of 2009 ha Baden -Württemberg's largest district.
The tube head ( 1170 m) is Gersbachs highest elevation. In clear weather the Swiss Alps with the " triumvirate " Eiger, Mönch and Jungfrau can be seen. Many other vantage points in the area, such as the High Möhr ( 983 m) at Schlechtbach that allow views in the border triangle of Germany, France and Switzerland.
Gersbach one of the following regions: Markgraeflerland, Baden, Black Forest, southern Black Forest and in the broader sense to Hotze forest.
A " weather station " measures in Gersbach more sun and colder winter days than the national average. On the heights of the Black Forest blows in the summer usually a noticeable wind. Therefore, in Gersbach even on very hot summer days, the wind chill temperature lower than the measured temperature.
Gersbach is probably a late medieval clearing settlement.
For the first time Gerisbac is mentioned in 1166 in a document by Bishop Otto of Constance by gifting a church of Konrad von Hosskirch to the monastery of St. Blaise. It later came under the rule of the Marquis of Hachberg. In the 14th century, the Habsburgs tried to get the court rule in place, but failed. From 1365 to 1400 Gersbach belonged to the Knights of Schönau, but then fell back to the Marquis.
1258 lived in Gersbach first time demonstrated a pastor. After the Reformation, the ownership changed: It was sold by Gersbach at Baden. At the same time Gersbach received so that the Protestant Confession.
Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm von Baden -Baden (1655-1707) was the late 17th century, an extensive jumps, wall and blocking grave system for defense build against French aggression. On 19th/20th. May 1784 was one-third of the village a fire disaster victims. The former silver mining, pyrite ( vitriol ) and iron ore for the first time in 1794 occupied, but probably began much earlier. ( In 1995, the AG was Minifossi ( a student group ) in the study of Baroque jumps and abandoned tunnels first gold. )
1974 saw the incorporation to Schopfheim.
Economy and infrastructure
The water supply of the population is carried out from a mountain spring the community. Their water is according to German degrees of hardness soft ( about 3 ° dH).
The water power of the Gersbachs is used hydroelectric gradient on its rich section of the mouth into the Wehra.
There is in place a primary school and next to a small, volunteer -run library.
In the southern part of the town is the Evangelical church from the 18th century, the origins of which are documented in the 12th century.
Agriculture and direct marketing
In Gersbach direct marketing of local agricultural products has a relatively large importance. Which belongs to the cheese route im Breisgau and southern Black Forest Cheese - Chuchi produces cheese from milk from local farmers. Cheese, meat and sausage products are marketed exclusively in the region.
Forestry is traditional in addition to agriculture a major industry in Gersbach. Many forest areas are managed sustainably as selection forest and as Femelwald. From these forests, the white fir, since the World Expo 2000 support the largest wooden roof of the world at the Exhibition Grounds in Hanover originate. The used for this purpose 70 firs were about 200 years old and reach a maximum height of 50 meters and a diameter of 1.50 meters on the floor and 0.9 meter pigtail. My weight was 9 to 14 tons.
In the district, a forest reserve is reported, in particular for the study of communities in woody debris and as a demonstration of an undisturbed forest development in the forest ecosystem.
The small spa resort Gersbach has as a priority development objective the gentle tourism. The main groups of visitors are hikers, mountain bikers and recreation seekers.
The altitude 1000m makes the place attractive for winter sports. There are trails, toboggan slopes and a ski lift available. The Bergbrunnen Lift offers twice weekly on floodlit evenings.
Other facilities include trails with partly guided hikes, for example, on a 3.5 km long nature trail with the forester and tours of various villagers to the Baroque military jumps, the cattle trail, village path or sculpture trail.
The near Wehraschlucht has a reputation as one of the most challenging whitewater in Germany, which is mostly visited in late winter and early spring with canoeists.
Until 1992, the Grand fir stand than Western Europe's largest white pine in the forest Gersbacher. Due to fungal infection of the giant tree had to be felled for safety reasons. He was about 400 years old and peaked at 52 m height a stick circumference of seven meters. The strain with a total mass of 40 cubic meters of wood was left as a demonstration for the degradation of wood by decomposers in the forest ecosystem on site.
The Hollow Oak ( 47 ° 41 '1 " N, 7 ° 55 ' 2" O47.68367.91726 ): While parts of the heartwood burnt out more than 50 years ago, the vital outer cortical layer remained largely intact. Today, the interior of the tree is accessible at ground level.
2003 Willow Park was created with a cattle trail on a 33 hectare site. On a circular route information panels on the welfare breeding and husbandry of cattle and their utilization as food (milk, meat, fat ) and for other purposes (leather, horn, fertilization). In addition to the native species, exotic species, and the last Wildrindart Europe's place in a near-natural bison enclosure, which has already achieved breeding success.
2008, the so-called Baroque jump was reconstructed ( Sechseckschanze ) with a diameter of 60 meters and a height of seven meters above the moat, and a watchtower ( " Chartaque ").
A forest -glass center illustrated with original and reproduced exhibits manufacturing process of utility and decorative objects, which in the 14th - 17th Century were common in Gersbach, but also in other places in the Black Forest.
The art and sculpture trail with more than 20 iron - stone sculptures by the artist Wolfgang Gerstner opened on 26 October 2008. Some sculptures depict parts of the history of the place.
The Bear Museum zu Gersbach is a private collection of more than 500 teddy bears.
Something hidden is of about 7 meters high waterfall of Gersbacher Gersbaches. In the final run section in Gersbach -Au it is called fire Bach and achieved mainly as a torrent the Wehra in which up to 400 meters deep Wehraschlucht.
Culture, customs and regular events
Lived customs and traditions are the fire disc ( " Schiiebefüür " ), the eggs jumping on Easter Sunday, the maypole and the Maistreiche on Walpurgis Night.
The annually on the last Sunday held in September pasture Festival ( formerly off-grass festival) of Fleischdirketvermarktung Bergland eV Gersbach - meadow is visited annually from 1500 to 5000 people. For Festivities include Farmer's Market for local products, animal show, classic car show, children's games and Customs representations. Older Gersbacher contribute to the feast part of the costume Markgräferland. During one of these festivals one episode of the TV series " Die Fallers " in Gersbach was filmed.
The regularly scheduled Cheese Wine Tasting of Cheese - Chuchi Gersbach has grown from an event for tourists now also used by clubs to events.
In the years 2002-2004 Gersbach took most successful of 4,708 villages in the 21 competition Our village is beautiful - Our village has a future part. Among 188 participating in the country's decision villages in Baden- Württemberg Gersbach was 2003 best rated and awarded the gold medal of the country. With the highest achieved so far at the federal level score (98 of 100 ) finished Gersbach 2004 by 36 places the first place. The place filled, the Review Commission's view, the criteria of the competition almost completely. With the award of the Gold Medal in January 2005 in Berlin Gersbach " Federal Gold Village " was.
In January 2007, Gersbach applied on request from the European competition Entente Florale Europe with 21,000 participating communities from 12 European countries. The jury visited Gersbach on 15 July 2007, and raised on the occasion of awarding of the Gold Medal in Harrogate particularly the long-term and comprehensive development concept out. Gersbach thus may be described as 'gold village' at national and European level.