Giambattista Marino

Giambattista Marino, also Giovan (ni) Battista Marino ( born October 18, 1569 Naples, † March 25, 1625 in Naples) was an Italian poet of the Baroque period.


Marino lived as a protégé of Cardinal Aldobrandini in Rome, Ravenna and Turin. 1615 he was appointed to the court of Marie de 'Medici in Paris. In 1622 he met the young Nicolas Poussin, whom he supported, and produced sixteen pen and ink drawings to the Metamorphoses of Ovid and his epic L' Adone for him. His 1623 still published in Paris epic L' Adone describes in 45,000 elegant verses the love story of Venus and Adonis.

The same year he returned to Rome, where he also achieved great success. Although he had an important patron in Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini, the Duke Charles Emmanuel I of Savoy and Maria de ' Medici, he was involved in so many disputes that he was repeatedly thrown into prison.


The well-kept Marino artful, laden with images and metaphors style that found many admirers and imitators in the poetry of the Baroque is referred to as " marinism ". The Spanish brand of marinism is, after the Spanish poet Luis de Góngora (1561-1627) Gongorism, the English variety called euphuism based on the novel Euphues, or the Anatomy of Wit ( 1578) by John Lyly ( 1554-1606 ). In Germany he worked through his " turgid " works in particular Christian Hoffmann von Waldau Hoffmann, Daniel Casper von Lohenstein and Diederich of the Werder. Still Barthold Heinrich Brockes transferred his 1715 Massacre of the Innocents in German verses.

At the end of the 17th century Marinos style by members of the Roman Academy of the Arcadia was, however, already criticized for its artificiality.


  • La Lira. From 1608 to 1614.
  • La Galeria. 1619th Bilingual edition translated part and selected by Christiane Kruse and Rainer Stiller in collaboration with Christine Ott, with notes and an afterword; Dieterich'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Mainz 2009 ISBN 978-3-87162-070-6.