Gilberto Freyre

Gilberto de Mello Freyre ( born March 15, 1900 in Recife, † July 18, 1987 in Recife ) was a Brazilian sociologist and anthropologist; He is also regarded as one of the most important sociologists of his time. His most famous work is the manor house and slave hut (Casa Grande e Senzala ).


Freyre was one of the first trained in the U.S. Brazilians. In 1922 he completed his studies with a Master's degree at Columbia University in New York. This work, Social Life in Brazil, was to some extent the basis for his later work Casa Grande e Senzala.

When his most important teachers referred Freyre later the anthropologist Franz Boas, the sociologist Franklin Giddings and the economist Edwin Seligman.

After his studies he held his anthropological studies in Europe.

1928 was introduced at the instigation of the teaching sociology at the College of Education of the State of Pernambuco. After he had become mainly by the sociologist Edgar Roquette Pinto, who had highlighted his knowledge of racial biology, and his original methods of thought, known internationally, he stayed at many universities around the world to give lectures and seminars.

In the 1930s, as was República Velha overthrown in Brazil and established a military dictatorship of Getúlio Dornelles Vargas, Gilberto Freyre had to leave because of his political activities Brazil and went to Portugal, where he co-founded the ideology of Lusotropikalismus, and into the United States exile.

In 1948 he was one of the eight ways of Paris, which had been invited by UNESCO to investigate the causes of international tensions, led by the English biologist Julian Huxley.

He also was a member of the Brazilian Parliament and has worked on the Brazilian Constitution.

In 1954 he created on behalf of the German Government a report on the problem of occupation children. For the UN he developed an opinion on the race problem in South Africa. At the World Congress of Sociologists (Amsterdam 1954) he was one of four keynote speakers. Also in 1968 he received the honorary Doctor of Law and Political Sciences of the University of Münster in Westphalia

In his work manor house and slave hut, there are, according to the historian Silvia Cortez Silva in the description of Jewish identity numerous anti -Semitic prejudices and expressions such as " bloodsuckers ", " parasite ", " exploiters " or " Jewish nose ". These aspects have been observed so far only insufficiently in the reception.

For his scientific achievements, he was nominated for the Nobel Prize.