Gilchrist Porter ( born November 1, 1817 with the Fredericksburg, Virginia; † November 1, 1894 in Hannibal, Missouri ) was an American politician. Between 1851 and 1857 he represented two times the state of Missouri in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Gilchrist Porter enjoyed only limited primary education. After a subsequent study of law and qualifying as a lawyer, he started in Bowling Green ( Missouri) to work in his new profession. At the same time he proposed as a member of the Whig Party launched a political career. In the congressional elections of 1850 he was in the second electoral district of Missouri in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of William Van Ness Bay on 4 March 1851. Since he Democrat Alfred William Lamb defeated in 1852, he was able to complete only one term in Congress until March 3, 1853. This was determined by the discussions about slavery.
After the dissolution of the Whigs Porter was a member of the short-lived opposition party. In the elections of 1854 he was again elected to Congress, where he replaced Alfred Lamb again on March 4, 1855. Until March 3, 1857, he was thus able to spend another term in the U.S. House of Representatives, which was shaped by the events leading up to the Civil War. During this time, Porter was chairman of the Committee for the treatment of private land claims.
Between 1866 and 1880 Gilchrist Porter worked as a district judge. Then he continued his activities as a lawyer. He died on November 1, 1894, his 77th birthday, in Hannibal, where he was also buried.