Location of Giljui ( Гилюй ) in the catchment area of the Zeya
The Giljui (Russian Гилюй ) is a 545 km long right tributary of the Zeya the Russian Far East ( Asia).
The Giljui occurs in about 700 m from the two short ( 10-15 km ) headwaters Left Giljui ( Lewy Giljui ) and Right Giljui ( Prawy Giljui ) that originate on the southern side of the main ridge of here a highland region bearing Stanowoigebirges in almost 1000 m height. First, the Giljui flows on the southern edge of the mountains in the south-west to the west in order to turn sharply to the southeast in the city Tynda. It flows through large arches the larch taiga north of Tukuringragebirges.
Good 100 kilometers above its confluence with the pent-up here to Sejastausee Seja enters the Giljui into the Tukuringragebirge, he cuts through a narrow, rocky valley. About 70 km of the Giljui - lower reaches lie in the dam area of the Zeya Dam.
At its entire length of Giljui flows through the territory of the Amur Oblast.
The largest tributaries are Mogot and Tynda from the right. In the catchment area of the river, there are mainly on the middle reaches about 400 lakes with a total area of 27 km ².
The catchment area of 22,500 km ² comprises Giljui. Above the confluence with the Sejastausee the river reaches a width of about 100 meters and four meters deep; The flow rate is 1.6 m / s
Economy and infrastructure
The Giljui is not navigable. The underflow lying in the region of Sejastausees is not used for navigation, because its banks are here uninhabited.
Also, the whole traversed by the river basin is inhabited total thin. Just east of the center city Tynda, which lies a few kilometers from Giljui on the same creek, follow the Baikal - Amur Mainline and the parallel road to nearly 100 kilometers to the river ( stations Schachtaum to Marewaja ). The railway crosses the Giljui here three times, once as well as the east Tynda branching Amur - Yakutian highway.
In the area of Giljui underflow and its tributaries of the Zeya - Goldfields gold mining was carried out since the 19th century as a part, but which is today come in favor of other development areas to a virtual standstill.