Giovanni Battista Vitali

Giovanni Battista Vitali ( born February 18, 1632 Bologna, † October 12, 1692 ) was an Italian composer and conductor of the Baroque.


Vitali was probably for a short period of time a student of Maurizio Cazzati, who was from 1657 conductor at the church of San Petronio in Bologna. Here Vitali received from a job in 1658 as a singer and as a player of " violone as brazzo " ( violone ). After the publication of his Opus 1, he was inducted into the " Accademia Filarmonica " in 1666 and was from 1673 onwards for a short time Kapellmeister at San Rosario. At the court of the Duke Ferdinand III. of Este in Modena in 1674, he was Vice-Kapellmeister, 1684 he was appointed Kapellmeister. He was also a member of the " Accademia dei Dissonati " in Modena. In 1686 he gave up the post of Kapellmeister at Giovanni Antonio Gianettini ( 1648-1721 ), but remained until the end of his Vice-Kapellmeister.

Tomaso Antonio Vitali His son, called Vitalino was his successor as Kapellmeister at the court in Modena, was also an important composer and violin virtuoso.


His publications had a significant influence on the development of the Baroque trio sonata. Vitali also composed sacred and secular cantatas and sonatas, oratorios, psalms, hymns, but also numerous dance music. In 1689 he wrote a 60 instrumentals comprehensive didactic collection " Artificii musicali Constitute a contrapuntal tour de force ". His works influenced the works of Arcangelo Corelli, Henry Purcell and Giuseppe Torelli.

  • Op.1 Correnti e balleti da camera a tre (Bologna 1666)
  • Op.2 Sonata a due violin e basso continuo (Bologna 1667)
  • Op.3 balletti, alla francese correnti, gaglarde e brando by ballare a quattro instrumenti (Bologna 1667)
  • Op.5 Sonate per più strumenti (Bologna 1669)
  • Op.7 Varie partite del passamezo, ciacona, capricii e passagalii per due violini e basso continuo (Modena 1682)
  • Op.8 balletti, correnti e caprici camera by a due violini e violone ò spinetta (Modena 1683)
  • Op.9 sonata da chiesa a due violini e basso continuo (Venice 1684)
  • Varie op.11 sonata alla francese e all'itagliana a be strumenti (Modena 1685)
  • Op.12 Balli in stile francese a cinque strumenti (Modena 1685)
  • Op.13 Artificii musicali ne quali se contengono canoni sonata in various maniere, contrapunti dopii, Invention curiose, capricii, e ( Modena 1689)
  • Op.14 posth Sonata da camera a due violini e violone (Modena 1692 ) Consisting of 41 dances.