Girija Prasad Koirala

Girija Prasad Koirala ( born February 20, 1925 in Tadi / Saharsha district, Bihar, India, † March 20, 2010 in Kathmandu ) was a Nepalese politician and multiple prime minister and from January 2007 to July 2008 and acting head of state of his country. He was the youngest son of Krishna Prasad Koirala and Divya Koirala, and brother of the former Nepalese Prime Minister Prasad Koirala and Matrika Prasad Bishweshwar Koirala as well as the cousin of former Nepalese Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikari.


Koirala began his political career in 1947 as a union leader; next he was involved in, which was founded by his brother Bishweshwar Nepali Congress Party ( NCP). Because of its critical attitude towards the absolute monarchy in Nepal, he was temporarily detained.

After the electoral victory of the Congress Party in May 1991 Koirala was first elected prime minister and foreign minister of his country and remained until November 1994 at the office. From April 1998 to May 1999 he was again Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, from March 2000 to June 2001 Prime Minister and Minister of Defense. Since 1996, Koirala is the Chairman of the Congress Party.

On 30 April 2006, Koirala was sworn in after weeks of riots came together again for the first time in four years, Parliament for the fourth time as Prime Minister of Nepal. He could end the 12 -year civil war of the Maoists and signed on 21 November 2006 an agreement with the Maoist leader Prachanda.

After the defeat of the Congress Party in the elections to the Constituent Assembly in April 2008 and the proclamation of a republic on 28 May 2008, Koirala initially refused to give up power to the Maoists. However, after the formation of a coalition between the NCP and the Maoists had failed, Koirala announced on 26 June 2008 his resignation as prime minister. On 15 August 2008 he was the official final Pushpa Kamal Dahal from to.

Upon the suspension of King Gyanendra on 15 January 2007 Koirala took over until the proclamation of the Republic on 28 May 2008 as Prime Minister, the competencies of a head of state. On 23 July 2008 he gave this first president elected in the same day of the Republic of Nepal, Ram Baran Yadav. As prime minister, he was replaced on 15 August 2008 by Pushpa Kamal Dahal.