The Gjoa was the first ship that managed the Northwest Passage. Roald Amundsen managed this in 1906 with a crew of six men after more than three years of travel.
The 21.3 m ( 70 feet ) long ship was built in 1872 in Rosendal (Norway) and has been used over 28 years for the fish trade before the 28 -year-old Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen bought it in 1900 for Arctic expeditions.
Members of the expedition crew were (except Amundsen ) Godfred Hansen, Helmer Hanssen, Anton Lund ( 1864-1945 ), Peder Ristvedt ( 1873-1955 ), Gustav Juel Wiik ( 1878-1906 ) and Adolf Henrik Lindstrøm ( 1866 to 1939 ).
The voyage began on 16 June 1903 in Oslo and led the Gjoa through the narrows between the continental Canada and the south coast of Victoria Island along. After three winters on the icy coasts of northern Canada, the Gjoa Nome ( Alaska ) reached on August 31, 1906 She sailed from there to San Francisco, where her crew -. , And especially their captain - a hero's welcome was granted on 19 October.
In this enterprise, the expedition made a series of measurements to determine the position of the magnetic North Pole. Into detail continuous ethnographic observations of the crew extended the knowledge of the science of the Inuit; not all were included in the official statements on the progress of the expedition. The coast of northern Canada in the course of time while only one summer impassable because of ice conditions Northwest Passage was first described in detail.
The Gjoa was later bought by the Norwegian- American community and the city of San Francisco in 1909 passed. This turned on the ship in Golden Gate Park. In 1972, the Gjoa of Norway was purchased and is now in an expansion of the Frammuseums on the peninsula of Bygdøy in Oslo.
59.90357510.700508333333Koordinaten: 59 ° 54 ' 13 " N, 10 ° 42 ' 2" O
- Ship ( Norway)
- Research vessel
- Museum ship
- Roald Amundsen