The Gladenbacher highlands, named after the central city Gladenbach, is one to 609.4 m above sea level. NN high Mittelgebirgszug the Rhenish Slate Mountains at the junction of Rothaargebirge ( north and northwest ), Westerwald ( southwest), ( eastern ) Hintertaunus ( in the south) and Westhessischem hill country to the east. It is located in central Hesse in the districts of Marburg -Biedenkopf, Lahn -Dill and casting within the so-called Lahn -Dill ( Dietzhölze ) loop. Small portions of the Upper Lahn Valley in the northwest part of the town Bad Laasphe also the district of Siegen -Wittgenstein, North Rhine-Westphalia.
In the system of natural areas in Germany is the Gladenbacher Bergland within the main unit group 32 - Westerwald, the main unit 320 dar.
The Gladenbacher Bergland overlaps in many parts with the broader in westerly directions, and to the southeast somewhat narrower area of the Park Lahn- Dill- Bergland, whose boundaries are defined by the districts of the communities involved. In addition, it is one of no small proportions to the historic Hessian hinterland, which is why reference is made to the two above-mentioned article, if it comes to regional associations, culture and history. Geology and mining are the opposite largely dealt with in the article Lahn- Dill area.
Location and boundaries
At Lahn and Dill limit - clockwise starting in the north - in addition to various municipalities and hamlets of the following cities the Gladenbacher Bergland:
- Bad Laasphe (western North)
- Biedenkopf (North)
- Outside Western Districts of Marburg ( north east)
- Lollar ( south east)
- Casting (southeast)
- Wetzlar (south)
- Herborn ( south west)
- Dillenburg (west)
The northwestern transitions into Rothaargebirge are relatively fluent. Here, the watershed between the Lahn- tributaries Banfe and Perf is defined as a boundary.
In contrast, the separation of the same mountain range by the (yet to Gladenbacher Bergland calculated ) Upper Lahn Valley in the North is comparatively sharp.
To the northeast the Gladenbacher Bergland does not quite reach the valley of the Lahn, since even the west is its towering Marburger back part of the super- natural region Marburg - Lahn Giessen. Here, on this side Elnhausen -Michel Bacher valley forms the border.
In the central and southern East dominates the Gladenbacher Bergland the opposite nearly to the valley beyond the river Lahn.
In the eastern south the Marburg - Lahn Giessen borders the Gladenbacher Bergland sharply from ( Eastern ) Hintertaunus from, in the southern West, the Lower Dilltal is a no less sharp boundary of the Westerwald.
Also in the northern western border of the natural area Dilltal (now the Upper ) the Gladenbacher Bergland. Here, the border does not follow, however, the valley of the dill myself, but that of her left tributary Dietzhölze, which draws a clear line to the ridge Struth. Although the Struth from the height profile forth seems like a spur of the Haincher height and thus the Rothaargebirge, it is the natural area the Upper Dilltal expected to be added.
In its structure the Gladenbacher Bergland has a certain similarity to the "actual" Westerwald. Indes is the defined (analogous to the High Westerwald) over 600 m high central plateau of Bottenhorner plateaus north of the center and is elongated by about 100 m lower ridge of the customs beech through the valley of Salzböde to the south.
To the north the high land will become the less poor relief Breidenbacher reason of fluent, separated west to the north by the river Lahn, merges into Rothaargebirge achieved in those outlying areas well 560 m.
To the southwest take from the plateaus of the Escaut forest heights gradually until Dilltal of heights just below 600 m to just over 400 meters from where the divided by the river valleys landscape is relatively homogenous and relief richer than in the plateaus.
The very heterogeneous, separated by the Lemp mountain ranges in the south, Hörre ( west ) and Krofdorf King Forst ( east ), through the valleys of the rivers Aar ( Niederweidbacher pool ) and some Salzböde - tributaries ( Salzbödetal ) clear north of the and more central mountain ranges separated. Only at singularities ( Dünsberg ) less than 500 meters can be achieved.
The actual lower Salzbödetal also separates from along with the Lahn Valley to the Upper Valley of Dautphe counted, in the north almost 500 m high Damshäuser tops in the Northeast from the rest of the landscape.
East of the peaks are separated only by the Elnhausen -Michel Bacher valley from the Marburg back and thus on the West Hessian mountain country.
The Gladenbacher Bergland subdivided as follows:
- 320 Gladenbacher Bergland ( 778.41 km ²) 320.0 Lahn- Dill-Bergland ( 499.46 km ²) 320.00 Breidenbacher reason ( 99.03 km ²)
- 320.01 Bottenhorner plateaus ( 61.33 km ²)
- 320.02 Escaut Forest ( 79.33 km ²)
- 320.03 inches beech ( 78.10 km ²)
- Hörre 320.04 ( 59.75 km ²)
- 320.05 Krofdorf King Forst ( 121.92 km ²)
- 320.10 Damshäuser peaks ( 66.56 km ²)
- 320.11 Elnhausen -Michel Bacher Valley ( 31.75 km ²)
- Salzbödetal 320.12 ( 83.87 km ²)
- 320.13 Niederweidbacher pool ( 49.32 km ²)
The above over- natural space Lahn- Dill-Bergland should not be confused with the region and the natural park Lahn- Dill- Bergland, whose structure is oriented more to the communities involved because at the borders of upland landscapes.
The above natural spatial boundaries are divided on the merits by the catchment areas of the Lahn- Dill- or tributaries or after the separate of these rivers landscapes.
The main rivers are - besides the only outwardly extending border rivers Lahn, Dill and Dietzhölze - the Aar, the Salzböde, the perf and, at some distance, the Allna.
Clockwise and thus sorted Lahn down and dill upwards, starting in the upper reaches of the river Lahn in the north, have the following rivers a catchment area of over 20 sq km: ( Linked are the natural spaces each in their formative flow column! )
→ to the overall list
The outer frame of the Gladenbacher mountain country by Lahn and Dill is in the north ( upper reaches of the river Lahn ) from the B 62, east of the B 3 Marburg -Gießen (mostly highway-like, in the Marburg area well outside ), in the eastern south of the B 49 Gießen- Wetzlar (mostly highway-like ) and accompanied in the southwest ( lower reaches of dill) of the A 45. Federal highway 253 Dillenburg -Biedenkopf (see above) closes in around the remaining gap.
The most important reservoir in Gladenbacher Bergland is the Aartalsee (57 ha, 270 m above sea level) in Niederweidbacher pool, followed by Perfstausee (18 ha, 301 m) in the Breidenbacher reason.
Classified by the mountain ranges and natural areas, the Gladenbacher Bergland, among other things is characterized by the following surveys: (Management of natural areas within each of the Gladenbacher mountain country and location of the mountains, depending within the natural region )
- Bottenhorner plateaus - northwest of the center Angelburg ( 609.4 m) - west of the center; is sometimes also counted for L'Escaut forest Schmitt ground ( 590 m) - Southern Angelburg Streamers is sometimes also counted for L'Escaut forest
- Allberg ( 528 m) - northeast of the Daubhaus
- Hünstein (504 m) - north of Allberges; no really independent summit, but with Lookout; Namesake of Holzhausen am Hünstein
- Eschenburg (590 m above sea level. ) - North, at ( northwest subsequent ) Dietzhölzetal
- High Koppe ( 540.2 m) - North East
- Stick side (516 m) - East
- Volpertsberg ( 426 m) - Southwest
- Hemmerich head ( 562 m) - Western Interface to Rothaargebirge
- Black Mountain ( 561 m) - North East; Center of a large contiguous forest area southwest of Biedenkopf and east of Breidenbach Hachenberg (552 m) - The North Before Summit
- Nimerich ( 533 m) - southeastern pre- summit; highest elevation of the community Dautphetal
- Deer Hollow (503 m) - northwestern interface to the plateaus
- Beautifully Scheid ( 498 m) - the west, northwest Günterod
- Bad Endbacher disk (up 488 m) - center
- Hemmerich ( 475.7 m) - East; forms with Koppe and Dreienberg the Eastern triumvirate of Gladenbacher mountain country Koppe (454 m) - with a lookout; Glad close Bach Erdhausen
- Three mountain ( 448 m)
- Rimberg ( 498 m) - Eastern North; with lookout tower
- Cap ( 494 m) - Western North
- Pig's head (472 m) - The North West, at Dautphetal - Herzhausen
- Eichelhardt ( 465 m) - North West
- Dusenberg ( 457 m) - extreme west, in Dautphetal - Herzhausen
- Hornberg ( 451 m) - extreme northwest
- Starve (412 m) - extreme northeast; pyramidal tip at the interface to the Marburger back
- Auer Berg ( 385 m ) - east, between Elnhausen, nettle Brunn and Dilschhausen
- Thunder Mountain (370 m) - the southeast, northeast of Gladenbach
- Dünsberg ( 498 m) - Eastern center; volcanic singularity with Celtic archaeological sites, television tower and lookout tower
- Altenberg ( 442 m) - Northwestern center, observation tower
- Ramsberg (approx. 435 m) - the north; Castle Hohensolms
- Forestry Krofdorf ( to 357 m) - East; large contiguous forest area that connects the Dünsberg eastward to the Lahn Valley
- King chair ( 348 m) - the south; one of the southernmost of the surveys Gladenbacher mountain country
- Old Castle ( 445 m) - in the center
- Rossberg (392 m) - North East, south of Bischoffen
- Koppe (354 m) - south, west of Kölsch Hausen
- Mountain forest (in the east to 392 m) - east of the center
- Kirchberg ( 362 m) - north, east of Gladenbach
- Lammerich ( 357 m) - north, south-west of Gladenbach