Gloucester is a city in Essex County in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. The city is an important center of the fishing industry and a popular summer resort. The city center is located along the north side of the harbor, so to group the quarters Annisquam, Bay View, Lanesville, Folly Cove, Magnolia, Riverdale, East Gloucester and West Gloucester.
Gloucester was settled in 1623 and incorporated in the State of Massachusetts 1642.
Originally belonged to Gloucester and the town of Rockport north of Gloucester on Cape Ann, which is located in an area that is known as Sandy Bay. Formally, Rockport split on 27 February 1840. 1873 Gloucester was awarded city status.
The place of origin is considered to be a special type of sailing vessel, the gaff schooner.
In October 1991, a rare combination of various meteorological factors produced an unusually strong storm off the New England coast. This went down in the history of the region as a " storm of the century " ( " Storm of the Century "). In this storm a fishing boat from Gloucester, who, again to reach Andrea Gail in the home port attempted, but declined. The event inspired Sebastian Junger about his book The Perfect Storm. This book is the basis for Wolfgang Petersen's film The Tempest from the year 2000.
In the early summer of 2008 Gloucester excited by an alleged " pregnancy pact ' attention. A group of students was, according to media reports entered a pact to become pregnant together to raise their children together. A total of 17 young women, all under 16, were expecting a child, while other four pregnancies were known in the year on average. On this event, the 2011 released movie based 17 girls and a year earlier movie The Pregnancy Pact published. However, the " pregnancy pact" is an invention of the media. One of the pregnant students said in the TV show " Good Morning America ". "There was definitely no pregnancy pact What did exist was a group of already pregnant students who had decided to help each other to jointly complete the high school and the children raise together. "