The 50 - lute - panel (Japanese五十 音 図Goju encoded in the disc ) is a systematic compilation of the basic sounds of the Japanese syllabic scripts (specifically, More writing) Hiragana and Katakana, which consists only of 46 characters. The system was developed around the year 1000.

The lines are denoted by dan. So Ka -dan is the number ka, ki, ku, ke, ko.

The columns are designated kō. So U -kō stands for u, ku, su, tsu, nu, fu, mu, yu, ru.

The 46 basic characters form the so-called straight sounds (直 音choku -on; egはha,ひhi,ほho). With the diacritics dakuten (浊 点) or Nigori, two small strokes, 20 more syllables, the so-called turbid sounds (浊音daku -on; egばba,びbi, boぼ) are written. With the diacritics handaku data (半 浊 点), a small circle, there are five halbgetrübte sounds (半 浊音handaku -on; egぱpa, piぴ,ぽpo ) was added.

By combining the choku -on with characters from the Y series created the 21 broken lute (拗 音yō -on ), which in turn can be tarnished, adding another $ 15 lute.

The no longer available since 1945, signs are placed in the table in parentheses. The bracketed (w) indicate that there used to be a ( English ) w was spoken in today's Japanese but no more.


For memorizing the order in Gojuon there are some mnemonics:

  • In English:


As well as

  • To German:
  • Mixed and pointless, but short (only note the consonants! ):

See also: Iroha, Torinaku Jun, Japanese writing, Japanese language

  • Kana characters
  • Phonology of individual languages