The Abzucht in the historic town of Goslar
The Gose rises in the resin north of grouse on the eastern flank of the mountain goat ( 726 m). Your source is below the federal highway 241 at an altitude of 615 m above sea level. NN. In a narrow, steep valley pending the creek flows to the northeast, first along the gradient rich Bärweges and then along the main road 241 Finally, the Gose opens at the western edge of the city of Goslar, for which she was eponymous, at 285 m above sea level. NN in the Abzucht. Takes you to the mouth more water than the Abzucht whose catchment area is smaller by one third.
On its 7.1 km long road Gose overcomes a difference in altitude of 330 m, corresponding to an average bed slope of 46.5 ‰. You drained its 10 km ² catchment area over Abzucht, Oker, Aller and Weser to the North Sea.
The water of the Gose was used in the Middle Ages, inter alia, to brew fermented Gose beer. Since the Abzucht was impacted by the mining of the Rammelsberg, a channel has been derived above the confluence of Gose and Abzucht and managed independently of the course of Abzucht through the city in the 13th century. From the main channel, which also operated mills, the drinking water beginning on open channel ( Beeken ) and later by Pipen ( wooden tubes ) was passed between the individual plots and provided the Goslar with fresh water. This water supply system was in 1876 replaced by the pre- run of spring water from the Gelmketal because the water needs of the city had grown steadily. Regardless of this Gosekanal also supply the Abzucht has been used in many ways. The double naming is still reflects in several street names, such as. At the Abzucht, An der Gose or Abzuchtstraße
But there may also be a permutation of the river called " Gose " and " Abzucht " before. The name of the Abzucht whose oldest tradition dates from the 13th century, means " Wasserzug " and is found in similar forms always the name of an artificial watercourse. The name of Gose, with the name " Goslar " is related, has already been handed down from the 12th century. The Abzucht today called river has not the character of a man-made, but a body of water naturally formed, while the waters called today Gose does not follow any natural terrain slope, but has artificial character.
Since the mid- 1970s, the Harzwasserwerke have the option above the campsite chalet initiate increased runoff and flooding over the so-called Goseschacht in the Oker - Grane - tunnel passing underneath at this point Gosetal. Since then, real floods with flooding the marketplace in Goslar have become very rare.